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What is ketoacidosis?

Deeksha Khare says

Keto — ketones, acidosis — low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically, resulting in a low pH, which is dangerous to the body. One example is in diabetics. When their glucose levels fall low (such people are not able to maintain their glucose levels and thus, cannot bring it back up), body starts using ketones but that leads to Diabetic Ketoacidose (DKA) — presenting as sweating, confusion, sighing breathing, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, etc.
Keto â ketones, acidosis â low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically,... (Read More)
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What is diabetic foot care?

Deeksha Khare says

Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their feet daily for infection.
Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their... (Read More)
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Deeksha Khare says

The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.
The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.
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Deeksha Khare says

Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and altered sensation, especially of legs. This causes any injury to go unnoticed, increasing the risk of infection. The infection causes redness and swelling of the leg that is associated with fever. · Diabetic nephropathy: Hyperglycemia can also affect the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. As the kidneys are unable to filter the waste, it starts accumulating in the body along with fluid retention, resulting in edema of legs. · Oral hypoglycemic drugs: Certain medications that reduce the blood glucose levels like thiazolidinediones are known to cause leg swelling as its side effects.
Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and... (Read More)
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