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Symptoms

Shachi says

The peripheral arterial disease also called PAD, happens when blood vessels in your legs are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits. Blood flow to your feet and legs decreases, causing pain and circulation problems. When blood flow is reduced,your muscles can’t get enough oxygen. If you have PAD, your risk for heart attack,stroke, and amputation goes up. About one-third of people with diabetes over the age of 50 have PAD. But many of them don’t know they have it. If you have diabetes, you’re much more likely to have PAD. But you can cut your chances of having those problems by taking care of your health. How do I know whether I’m at risk for PAD? Just having diabetes puts you at risk. But your risk is even greater if you • smoke • have high blood pressure • have abnormal blood cholesterol levels • already have heart disease • already had a heart attack or a stroke • are overweight • aren’t physically active • are over age 50 • have a family history of PAD, heart disease, heart attacks, strokes What are the warning signs of PAD? Many people with PAD don’t have any warning signs. Some people may have mild leg pain when they walk, a condition called claudication ,weakness, or trouble walking. But they might think these are just signs of getting older. • pain in your legs that occurs while you walk but disappears after a few minutes of rest • tiredness or cramps in your legs • numbness, tingling or coldness in your feet or the lower part of your legs • sores or infections on your feet or legs that heal slowly • dry, cracked skin on your feet • pain in your feet or toes, even when you’re resting How is PAD diagnosed? PAD is diagnosed with a test known as ankle brachial index This test uses sound waves(ultrasound) to compare the blood pressure in your ankles to the blood pressure in your arms. If the blood pressure in your ankle is lower than the pressure in your arms, you may have PAD. TheABI also tells whether the amount of blood flow in your legs is reduced. How is PAD treated? Exercise,such as walking, can be used both to treat PAD and to prevent it. Medicines may help relieve symptoms. Regular foot care helps prevent problems. Some people need surgery for PAD. • In angioplasty, also called balloon angioplasty, a narrow tube with a balloon attached is inserted and threaded into an artery. Then the balloon is inflated, opening the narrowed artery. A wire tube, called a stent, may be left in place to help keep the artery open. • In an artery bypass graft, a healthy blood vessel is taken from another part of the body and is attached to bypass(go around) a blocked artery. How can I take care of my PAD and also lower my risk for a heart attack or a stroke? Take these steps: • If you smoke, quit. • Aim for anA1C below 7% • Keeps your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. • Make smart food choices. • Be physically active, aiming for at least 30 minutes of exercise, at least 5 days a week
The peripheral arterial disease also called PAD, happens when blood vessels in your legs are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits. Blood flow to your feet and legs decreases, causing pain and circulation problems. When blood flow is reduced,your muscles can’t get enough oxygen. If you have PAD, your risk for heart attack,stroke, and amputation goes up. About one-third of people with diabetes... (Read More)
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Shachi says

A stroke happens when the blood supply to a part of your brain is suddenly interrupted, causing a damage to the brain tissue. Most strokes happen because a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain or neck. A stroke can cause movement problems, pain, numbness, and problems with thinking, remembering, speaking. Some people also have emotional problems,such as depression, after a stroke. If you have diabetes, your chances of having a stroke are 2 to 4 times higher than in people who don’t have diabetes. How do I know whether I’m at high risk for a stroke? Having diabetes raises your risk for stroke. But your risk is even greater if • you’re over age 55 • your family background isAfricanAmerican • you’ve already had a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (also called a TIAor a ministroke) • you have a family history of stroke or TIAs • you have heart disease • you have high blood pressure • you’re overweight • you have high LDL(bad) cholesterol and low HDL (good) cholesterol levels • you smoke How can I lower my risk of having a stroke? Lower your risk by keeping your blood glucose (sugar), blood pressure, and cholesterol on target with healthy eating, physical activity, and, if needed, medicine. And if you smoke, quit. What are the warning signs of a stroke? Typical warning signs of a stroke develop suddenly and can include • weakness or numbness on one side of the body • sudden confusion or trouble understanding • trouble talking • dizziness, loss of balance, or trouble walking • trouble seeing out of one or both eyes • double vision • A severe headache How is a stroke diagnosed? A number of tests may be done if a stroke is suspected: • CT and MRI tests use special scans to provide images of the brain. • An ECG (electrocardiogram) provides information on heart rate and rhythm. • An ultrasound examination can show problems in the carotid arteries, which carry blood from the heart to the brain. • In a cerebral arteriogram, a small tube is inserted into an artery and positioned in the neck. The health care provider injects dye into the artery. Then the provider takes X rays to look for narrowed or blocked arteries What are the treatments for stroke? Treatment you need right away “Clot-busting” drugs must be given within hours after a stroke to minimize damage. Surgical treatments you may need Several options for surgical treatment of blocked blood vessels are available. These include • Carotid artery surgery, also called carotid endarterectomy removes buildups of fat inside the artery and restores blood flow to the brain. • Carotid stenting can remove a blockage in a blood vessel to the brain. A small tube with a balloon attached is threaded into the narrowed or blocked blood vessel. Then the balloon is inflated, opening the narrowed artery. A wire tube, or stent, may be left in place to help keep the artery open. Other treatments Treatment following a stroke includes treatments and exercises to restore function or help people relearn skills. Physical, occupational, and speech therapy may be included, as well as psychological counseling. Steps to prevent future problems should include quitting smoking, healthy eating, physical activity and medicines to manage blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.
A stroke happens when the blood supply to a part of your brain is suddenly interrupted, causing a damage to the brain tissue. Most strokes happen because a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain or neck. A stroke can cause movement problems, pain, numbness, and problems with thinking, remembering, speaking. Some people also have emotional problems,such as depression, after a stroke. If... (Read More)
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Shachi says

There is a connection between diabetes, thyroid and hair loss. Some women are not even aware that they have the condition and a loss of hair can be one of the first signs. There are lots of different reasons that diabetes and thyroid cause hair loss.But it's also worth knowing that thinning hair can also indicate two other related conditions -insulin resistance,pre-diabetes. Insulin resistance is a precursor to pre-diabetes and both conditions are precursors to type 2 diabetes. When experiencing thinning of hair, steps you should take for management are: 1. Talk to your doctor to establish the cause. Your doctor will be able to help you identify whether other factors besides diabetes itself - such as the emotional stress of thyroid problems - are at play. 2. Eat a balanced diet, full of simple, healthy foods. Avoid processed foods loaded with chemicals or sugary foods that may affect your mood. Choose the 'brown' version of foods like bread, pasta and rice so you know you're getting the whole grain instead of a stripped down, nutritionally deficient substitute! 3. Exercise every day for around 20 minutes. This releases "feel good" chemicals called endorphins which can even reverse the effects of stress 4. Eat iron-rich foods with foods that are high in vitamin C. Vitamin C-rich foods will help you absorb iron more easily.Follow a healthy eating pattern! 5. Don't skip meals- Skipping meals and eliminating food groups (like fats) may mean that your body does not get the nutrition it needs. For example, low-fat and low-calorie diets can lead to deficiencies of essential fatty acids and zinc, which will then affect your hair. 6. Good sources of omega 3 fatty acids include:Walnuts, flax seeds, salmon, tuna, avocado, grapeseed oil, pumpkin seeds 7. Good sources of magnesium include: Brown rice, spinach, lentils, cashews and almond 8. Good sources of zinc include:Eggs, chicken, oats, oysters, lentils, beef, nuts, chickpeas . 9. Good sources of iron include: Meat, turkey, whole grains, beans, dark leafy greens, oats it's high in vitamin C too, which makes its iron easier to absorb). 10. Good sources of protein include Lentils, egg yolks, Greek yogurt, nuts, legumes, tofu, fish, and poultry. 11. Good sources of vitamins A and C include Sweet potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, spinach, broccoli, Swiss chard, cantaloupe, mangoes, apricots, blueberries, kiwifruit, tomatoes, and strawberries. 12. Good sources of B vitamins include Eggs, poultry, beef, fish, milk, Greek yogurt, oats, banana, cereal, and nuts. Discuss your medication with your doctor if you feel it may be causing hair loss as a side effect. It may be possible to amend your dose, or your doctor may suggest a different brand.Speak to your doctor about taking a biotin supplement. People with diabetes sometimes have low biotin levels. If your hair loss is particularly severe, ask your doctor if Minoxidil (Rogaine) might be suitable for you. Also, try different camouflage techniques, such as using a hair piece or a fill-in powder until things improve (see it as make-up for the hair!).Think about coloring your hair, which can 'plump it up' and make it look thicker. Coloring it a lighter color can be useful if you want to minimize the contrast between dark hair and your scalp.
There is a connection between diabetes, thyroid and hair loss. Some women are not even aware that they have the condition and a loss of hair can be one of the first signs. There are lots of different reasons that diabetes and thyroid cause hair loss.But it's also worth knowing that thinning hair can also indicate two other related conditions -insulin resistance,pre-diabetes. Insulin resistance... (Read More)
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What is amputation ?

Shachi says

Amputation is basically a life saving procedure wherein a part of the body which is grossly infected or gangrenous is cut off to prevent the infection or gangrene from spreading to the rest of the body. Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. Arms, legs, hands, feet, fingers, and toes can be amputated. Most amputations involve small body parts such as a finger, rather than an entire limb. Amputation is performed for the following reasons: to remove tissue that no longer has an adequate blood supply to remove malignant tumors because of severe trauma to the body part The blood supply to an extremity can be cut off because of injury to the blood vessel, hardening of the arteries, arterial embolism, impaired circulation as a complication of diabetes mellitus, repeated severe infection that leads to gangrene, severe frostbite, Raynaud's disease, or Buerger's disease. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. Amputations cannot be performed on patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, heart failure, or infection. Patients with blood clotting disorders are also not good candidates for amputation.
Amputation is basically a life saving procedure wherein a part of the body which is grossly infected or gangrenous is cut off to prevent the infection or gangrene from spreading to the rest of the body. Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or... (Read More)
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What are the types of Gangrene ?

Shachi says

There are 3 major types of gangrene: Dry Gangrene Dry gangrene is one which arises due to loss of arterial blood supply to the tissue or part.All of your body organs (such as your liver, heart, muscles) need oxygen to function properly and survive. The oxygen is carried to different parts of your body by your blood. Dry gangrene is caused when one of your body parts isn’t getting enough oxygen. Eventually, the body part will start to deteriorate and die. With dry gangrene, the skin is closed and there is no evidence of infection.With dry gangrene, the skin is closed and there is no evidence of infection. Wet Gangrene Wet gangrene is the condition which arise due to both the artery as well vein being blocked. This condition is often confused with a dry gangrene with superadded infection. The tissues react to the presence of the bacteria by growing moist and breaking down. It happens when your body tissues become infected with some type of bacteria. the process causes the death of your tissues. This is more of an emergency than dry gangrene because of the possibility of infection spreading to other parts of the body. Gas Gangrene Bacteria called Clostridia cause gas gangrene. This bacterium creates an infection that causes gas bubbles and toxins to develop inside the affected area. The resulting gases cause tissue death. This type of gangrene is rare in the United States. This type of gangrene can be fatal.This occurs mostly after accidents and in contaminated wounds. Here the superadded infection is due to spore forming Clostridia. This is a highly contagious infection
There are 3 major types of gangrene: Dry Gangrene Dry gangrene is one which arises due to loss of arterial blood supply to the tissue or part.All of your body organs (such as your liver, heart, muscles) need oxygen to function properly and survive. The oxygen is carried to different parts of your body by your blood. Dry gangrene is caused when one of your body parts isn’t getting enough oxygen.... (Read More)
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