Unfortunately, there is no known cure for diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, patients sometimes experience what physicians have come to call a "honeymoon period", usually shortly after the disease is diagnosed. During the "honeymoon period," diabetes may appear to go away for a period of a few months. Some patients may actually find they can maintain normal or near normal blood glucose taking little or no insulin. However, it would be a mistake to assume that diabetes has been permanently cured. The honeymoon period happens because type 1 diabetes is diagnosed when about 90 percent of the body's insulin-producing cells have been destroyed, which means there still are a few cells remaining. At the time of diagnosis most patients still, are producing some insulin which may temporarily meet the body insulin needs. This may happen even after obvious symptoms of type 1 diabetes emerge when the patient has an illness. Once the illness subsides the body's insulin needs may decrease and be met by the remaining cells. But the process that has destroyed 90 percent of the insulin-producing cells will ultimately destroy the remaining insulin-producing cells. And as that destruction continues, the amount of injected insulin the patient needs will increase — and ultimately the patient will be totally dependent on insulin injections. Scientists now think that it is important for people with newly diagnosed diabetes to continue taking some insulin by injection even during the honeymoon period. There is some evidence to suggest that doing so will help preserve the few remaining insulin-producing cells for a while longer.
Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may discover their blood glucose returns to normal, especially if they lose weight, have a healthy diet and/or balance it with physical activity. Does this mean diabetes has disappeared? No. The development of type 2 diabetes is a gradual process, too, in which the body becomes unable to produce enough insulin for its needs and/or the body's cells become resistant to insulin's effects. Gradually the patient goes from having "impaired glucose tolerance" — a decreased but still adequate ability to convert food into energy — to having "diabetes." If the patient were to gain weight back or scale back on their physical activity program, high blood glucose would return. If they were to overeat at a meal, their blood glucose probably would continue to go higher than someone without diabetes. Also, the decreased insulin production and/or increased insulin resistance that led to the initial diabetes diagnosis will gradually intensify over the years and during periods of stress. In time, the patient who could maintain normal blood glucose with diet and exercise alone may discover that he or she needs to add oral diabetes medications — or perhaps even insulin injections — to keep blood glucose in a healthy range.
The good news for a type 1 and type 2 patient is that if insulin, medication, weight loss, physical activity and changes in eating result in normal blood glucose, that means their diabetes is well controlled and their risk of developing diabetes complications is much lower. But it doesn't mean that their diabetes has gone away.
Unfortunately, there is no known cure for diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, patients sometimes experience what physicians have come to call a "honeymoon period", usually shortly after the disease is diagnosed. During the "honeymoon period," diabetes may appear to go away for a period of a few months. Some patients may actually find they can maintain normal or near normal blood glucose taking little...