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Shachi says

Insulin resistance is a condition that raises your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. When you have insulin resistance, your body has problems using insulin. Over time, this makes your blood glucose (sugar) levels go up. The good news is that cutting calories, being active, and losing weight can reverse insulin resistance and lower your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. What does insulin do? Insulin helps your body use glucose for energy. When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose and sends it into the blood. Then, insulin helps move the glucose from the blood into your cells. When you have insulin resistance, your body can’t use insulin properly. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin make up for it. But, over time your body isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin keep your blood glucose at normal levels. If your blood glucose gets too high, you may have either prediabetes or diabetes. What raises your risk for insulin resistance? You are at risk if you • are overweight • are physically inactive • have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes • are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander • have polycystic ovary syndrome, also called PCOS • have had gestational diabetes, which is diabetes that develops during pregnancy • have given birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kgs • are age 45 or older • have had above-normal blood glucose levels • have high blood pressure • have low HDL (good) cholesterol • have high levels of blood fats called triglycerides • have had heart disease, a stroke, or disease of the blood vessels in your neck or legs. Some of these risk factors also raise your risk for heart disease. How can you prevent or reverse insulin resistance? You can eat fewer calories and be physically active. If you do, it’s more likely you’ll lose weight. Studies have shown that losing even 7% of your weight, may help. Eat less ❏Eat smaller serving sizes. ❏Order the smallest serving size when eating out—or share your main dish.❏Try calorie-free drinks or water instead of regular soft drinks and juice. ❏Choose baked, grilled, and steamed foods instead of fried. ❏Use a smaller plate❏Fill half your plate with greens and veggies. Fill ¼ with meat or other protein, and ¼ with carbs, such as brown rice or whole grain roti. ❏Eat more vegetables, whole grains, and fruit. ❏Use nonstick pans or cooking sprays. ❏Cut back on high-fat toppings, such as butter, margarine, sour cream, regular salad dressing, mayonnaise, and gravy. Instead, season foods with barbecue sauce, salsa, lemon juice, or other low-fat options. ❏Eat small servings of low-calorie, low-fat snacks. Be physically active ❏Get up and move every 90 minutes if you sit for long periods of time. ❏Take the stairs instead of the elevator. ❏Walk around while you talk on the phone or during TV commercials. ❏Find an activity you enjoy, such as dancing,gardening, or playing with the kids. Move more around the house. For example, clean the house, work in the garden, or wash the car. ❏Take the dog for a walk. ❏Park at the far end of the parking lot and walk to the store. ❏Walk every day, working up to 30 minutes of brisk walking, 5 days a week—or split the 30 minutes into two-15 or three-10 minute walks. ❏Try strength training by lifting light weights 2 to 3 times a week.
Insulin resistance is a condition that raises your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. When you have insulin resistance, your body has problems using insulin. Over time, this makes your blood glucose (sugar) levels go up. The good news is that cutting calories, being active, and losing weight can reverse insulin resistance and lower your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. What... (Read More)
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Shachi says

The peripheral arterial disease also called PAD, happens when blood vessels in your legs are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits. Blood flow to your feet and legs decreases, causing pain and circulation problems. When blood flow is reduced,your muscles can’t get enough oxygen. If you have PAD, your risk for heart attack,stroke, and amputation goes up. About one-third of people with diabetes over the age of 50 have PAD. But many of them don’t know they have it. If you have diabetes, you’re much more likely to have PAD. But you can cut your chances of having those problems by taking care of your health. How do I know whether I’m at risk for PAD? Just having diabetes puts you at risk. But your risk is even greater if you • smoke • have high blood pressure • have abnormal blood cholesterol levels • already have heart disease • already had a heart attack or a stroke • are overweight • aren’t physically active • are over age 50 • have a family history of PAD, heart disease, heart attacks, strokes What are the warning signs of PAD? Many people with PAD don’t have any warning signs. Some people may have mild leg pain when they walk, a condition called claudication ,weakness, or trouble walking. But they might think these are just signs of getting older. • pain in your legs that occurs while you walk but disappears after a few minutes of rest • tiredness or cramps in your legs • numbness, tingling or coldness in your feet or the lower part of your legs • sores or infections on your feet or legs that heal slowly • dry, cracked skin on your feet • pain in your feet or toes, even when you’re resting How is PAD diagnosed? PAD is diagnosed with a test known as ankle brachial index This test uses sound waves(ultrasound) to compare the blood pressure in your ankles to the blood pressure in your arms. If the blood pressure in your ankle is lower than the pressure in your arms, you may have PAD. TheABI also tells whether the amount of blood flow in your legs is reduced. How is PAD treated? Exercise,such as walking, can be used both to treat PAD and to prevent it. Medicines may help relieve symptoms. Regular foot care helps prevent problems. Some people need surgery for PAD. • In angioplasty, also called balloon angioplasty, a narrow tube with a balloon attached is inserted and threaded into an artery. Then the balloon is inflated, opening the narrowed artery. A wire tube, called a stent, may be left in place to help keep the artery open. • In an artery bypass graft, a healthy blood vessel is taken from another part of the body and is attached to bypass(go around) a blocked artery. How can I take care of my PAD and also lower my risk for a heart attack or a stroke? Take these steps: • If you smoke, quit. • Aim for anA1C below 7% • Keeps your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. • Make smart food choices. • Be physically active, aiming for at least 30 minutes of exercise, at least 5 days a week
The peripheral arterial disease also called PAD, happens when blood vessels in your legs are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits. Blood flow to your feet and legs decreases, causing pain and circulation problems. When blood flow is reduced,your muscles can’t get enough oxygen. If you have PAD, your risk for heart attack,stroke, and amputation goes up. About one-third of people with diabetes... (Read More)
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Shachi says

A stroke happens when the blood supply to a part of your brain is suddenly interrupted, causing a damage to the brain tissue. Most strokes happen because a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain or neck. A stroke can cause movement problems, pain, numbness, and problems with thinking, remembering, speaking. Some people also have emotional problems,such as depression, after a stroke. If you have diabetes, your chances of having a stroke are 2 to 4 times higher than in people who don’t have diabetes. How do I know whether I’m at high risk for a stroke? Having diabetes raises your risk for stroke. But your risk is even greater if • you’re over age 55 • your family background isAfricanAmerican • you’ve already had a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (also called a TIAor a ministroke) • you have a family history of stroke or TIAs • you have heart disease • you have high blood pressure • you’re overweight • you have high LDL(bad) cholesterol and low HDL (good) cholesterol levels • you smoke How can I lower my risk of having a stroke? Lower your risk by keeping your blood glucose (sugar), blood pressure, and cholesterol on target with healthy eating, physical activity, and, if needed, medicine. And if you smoke, quit. What are the warning signs of a stroke? Typical warning signs of a stroke develop suddenly and can include • weakness or numbness on one side of the body • sudden confusion or trouble understanding • trouble talking • dizziness, loss of balance, or trouble walking • trouble seeing out of one or both eyes • double vision • A severe headache How is a stroke diagnosed? A number of tests may be done if a stroke is suspected: • CT and MRI tests use special scans to provide images of the brain. • An ECG (electrocardiogram) provides information on heart rate and rhythm. • An ultrasound examination can show problems in the carotid arteries, which carry blood from the heart to the brain. • In a cerebral arteriogram, a small tube is inserted into an artery and positioned in the neck. The health care provider injects dye into the artery. Then the provider takes X rays to look for narrowed or blocked arteries What are the treatments for stroke? Treatment you need right away “Clot-busting” drugs must be given within hours after a stroke to minimize damage. Surgical treatments you may need Several options for surgical treatment of blocked blood vessels are available. These include • Carotid artery surgery, also called carotid endarterectomy removes buildups of fat inside the artery and restores blood flow to the brain. • Carotid stenting can remove a blockage in a blood vessel to the brain. A small tube with a balloon attached is threaded into the narrowed or blocked blood vessel. Then the balloon is inflated, opening the narrowed artery. A wire tube, or stent, may be left in place to help keep the artery open. Other treatments Treatment following a stroke includes treatments and exercises to restore function or help people relearn skills. Physical, occupational, and speech therapy may be included, as well as psychological counseling. Steps to prevent future problems should include quitting smoking, healthy eating, physical activity and medicines to manage blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.
A stroke happens when the blood supply to a part of your brain is suddenly interrupted, causing a damage to the brain tissue. Most strokes happen because a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain or neck. A stroke can cause movement problems, pain, numbness, and problems with thinking, remembering, speaking. Some people also have emotional problems,such as depression, after a stroke. If... (Read More)
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Shachi says

Because you have diabetes, you need special care and advice from your diabetes doctor, nurse, and healthcare team before you get pregnant. The steps for most women planning a pregnancy are: • Have a rubella lab test done? • Start taking multivitamins with folic acid and calcium. • Stop smoking, alcohol, and drugs. • Involve your husband or partner in the planning. • Receive genetic counseling (optional). You’ll need to get your blood glucose levels to the normal, nondiabetic range before you get pregnant. It takes a lot of work and it may take a while. So it may sound strange, but if you want to get pregnant, one of the first things to think about is birth control. You shouldn’t get pregnant until your A1C is as close to normal as possible (under 6%), without you having severe low blood glucose. A baby’s organs are formed during the first six to eight weeks after conception. If your blood glucose levels are higher than normal during this time, your baby’s organs might not grow right. High blood glucose could cause birth defects. Birth defects occur more often in the infants of women with diabetes. These birth defects include heart problems, kidney problems, and spinal cord problems. Women whose diabetes is out of control are also more likely to have miscarriages and stillbirths. These risks can be greatly lowered if your blood glucose levels are within the normal range from the time you conceive. And because you never know when you’ll actually conceive—be prepared and plan ahead! Meanwhile, keep using very effective birth control. Even if you have irregular periods, you can still get pregnant. Most birth control methods are safe for women with diabetes.
Because you have diabetes, you need special care and advice from your diabetes doctor, nurse, and healthcare team before you get pregnant. The steps for most women planning a pregnancy are: • Have a rubella lab test done? • Start taking multivitamins with folic acid and calcium. • Stop smoking, alcohol, and drugs. • Involve your husband or partner in the planning. • Receive genetic counseling... (Read More)
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Shachi says

There is a connection between diabetes, thyroid and hair loss. Some women are not even aware that they have the condition and a loss of hair can be one of the first signs. There are lots of different reasons that diabetes and thyroid cause hair loss.But it's also worth knowing that thinning hair can also indicate two other related conditions -insulin resistance,pre-diabetes. Insulin resistance is a precursor to pre-diabetes and both conditions are precursors to type 2 diabetes. When experiencing thinning of hair, steps you should take for management are: 1. Talk to your doctor to establish the cause. Your doctor will be able to help you identify whether other factors besides diabetes itself - such as the emotional stress of thyroid problems - are at play. 2. Eat a balanced diet, full of simple, healthy foods. Avoid processed foods loaded with chemicals or sugary foods that may affect your mood. Choose the 'brown' version of foods like bread, pasta and rice so you know you're getting the whole grain instead of a stripped down, nutritionally deficient substitute! 3. Exercise every day for around 20 minutes. This releases "feel good" chemicals called endorphins which can even reverse the effects of stress 4. Eat iron-rich foods with foods that are high in vitamin C. Vitamin C-rich foods will help you absorb iron more easily.Follow a healthy eating pattern! 5. Don't skip meals- Skipping meals and eliminating food groups (like fats) may mean that your body does not get the nutrition it needs. For example, low-fat and low-calorie diets can lead to deficiencies of essential fatty acids and zinc, which will then affect your hair. 6. Good sources of omega 3 fatty acids include:Walnuts, flax seeds, salmon, tuna, avocado, grapeseed oil, pumpkin seeds 7. Good sources of magnesium include: Brown rice, spinach, lentils, cashews and almond 8. Good sources of zinc include:Eggs, chicken, oats, oysters, lentils, beef, nuts, chickpeas . 9. Good sources of iron include: Meat, turkey, whole grains, beans, dark leafy greens, oats it's high in vitamin C too, which makes its iron easier to absorb). 10. Good sources of protein include Lentils, egg yolks, Greek yogurt, nuts, legumes, tofu, fish, and poultry. 11. Good sources of vitamins A and C include Sweet potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, spinach, broccoli, Swiss chard, cantaloupe, mangoes, apricots, blueberries, kiwifruit, tomatoes, and strawberries. 12. Good sources of B vitamins include Eggs, poultry, beef, fish, milk, Greek yogurt, oats, banana, cereal, and nuts. Discuss your medication with your doctor if you feel it may be causing hair loss as a side effect. It may be possible to amend your dose, or your doctor may suggest a different brand.Speak to your doctor about taking a biotin supplement. People with diabetes sometimes have low biotin levels. If your hair loss is particularly severe, ask your doctor if Minoxidil (Rogaine) might be suitable for you. Also, try different camouflage techniques, such as using a hair piece or a fill-in powder until things improve (see it as make-up for the hair!).Think about coloring your hair, which can 'plump it up' and make it look thicker. Coloring it a lighter color can be useful if you want to minimize the contrast between dark hair and your scalp.
There is a connection between diabetes, thyroid and hair loss. Some women are not even aware that they have the condition and a loss of hair can be one of the first signs. There are lots of different reasons that diabetes and thyroid cause hair loss.But it's also worth knowing that thinning hair can also indicate two other related conditions -insulin resistance,pre-diabetes. Insulin resistance... (Read More)
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