Apr 09, 2018
It's unclear why some women develop gestational diabetes while others do not. Gestational Diabetes is a condition in which pregnant females get high blood glucose levels. It is caused by improper insulin responses. During pregnancy, the placenta - the organ that feeds and delivers oxygen to your baby -- releases hormones that help your baby grow. Some of these hormones interfere with mother's insulin and prevent it from functioning properly, thus leading to a rise in blood glucose levels.
Doctors theorize that genetic predisposition, environmental issues (such as obesity prior to pregnancy), and/or behavioral factors (such as diet and exercise habits) may contribute. Although the condition can strike any pregnant woman, there are several risk factors that could increase your chances of developing this disease if:
- You were overweight before you got pregnant and you are gaining weight very quickly during your pregnancy. Extra weight makes it harder for your body to use insulin.
- You have a family history of diabetes (parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes)
- You had pre-diabetes before pregnancy (blood sugar levels are high, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes)
- You had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
- You have a history of unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth
- You are over the age of 25
- You gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4kg
- You have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- You have high blood pressure