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What does 'self-care' mean? I hear it a lot in connection with diabetes management

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Deeksha Khare says

Diabetes is a disease that affects your lifestyle. In diabetes, you have to be involved in your own care. 
The everyday choices you make affect your diabetes greatly. If you visit the doctor regularly, it is you who has to manage your diabetes yourself at home/office. So, self-management is extremely important. It is very important to have the right knowledge to keep your condition under control. Lack of correct knowledge is the biggest reason for uncontrolled diabetes. Most people are unaware of what causes diabetes, and, what will keep diabetes away.
Diabetes self-management education includes knowledge and skill to manage diabetes. It prevents costly complications. It gives the confidence to take control of your condition.
 Basic knowledge and skill areas that are essential for the self-management education are -

  • self-blood glucose monitoring, 
  • monitoring of relevant health parameters, 
  • healthy eating, physical activity, 
  • stress management, 
  • incorporating an exercise regimen, 
  • prevention and management of hypo-/hyperglycemia, 
  • prevention of other complications of diabetes, and 
  • adjusting medication as prescribed by the doctor