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Deeksha Khare   
Doctor

Questions answered by you

Fruits are high in Fructose but as it ripens, it changes into Glucose. The quantity and choice of the fruits depend on your blood sugar control and medicines you have been prescribed. Take care to select fruits with low glycemic load and don't take canned or sugar-coated fruits in your diet. To retain its nutritional value and minimize the glucose content, try to avoid juices. Consume your fruits along with the peel to improve fiber content. Fruits are rich in soluble fiber which is known to reduce cholesterol and they are rich in phytochemicals.
List of low Glycemic Index fruits

  • Apple
  • Pear
  • Guava
  • Oranges
  • Sweetlime
  • Berries - strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, gooseberries (Amla in Hindi)
  • Papaya
  • Watermelon
  • Muskmelon
  • Plumps (Aloo bukhara in Hindi)
  • Peaches
     

Diet plays a major role in controlling diabetes. 60% people can control their diabetes through diet alone without needing to take medication - that's how important diet is!
 There are 3 perspectives of diet: - Type, Time and Quantity. 
Type of Diet in diabetes should be Low in Carbs, fat and high in fiber and protein. 
Time of Diet helps to keep blood glucose stable; so, go for 3 small meals and 2 healthy snacks in a day. Quantity is the key to controlling diabetes. You can eat anything as long as the portion is small. Your dietary practices determine your blood glucose levels. 
There are red light food items - that increase blood glucose levels like simple carbs, fats, refined foods etc. And there are green light food items that help to stabilize your blood glucose levels like vegetables, salads, high fiber foods.  By making wise food choices, you can keep your diabetes under control. 
Eating excess of calories and fat raises your blood glucose levels which can lead to serious long-term complications.
People with diabetes can easily control their blood sugar by making healthy food choices. A healthy diet helps you control your blood sugar level, manage your weight and control risk factors.
 

LADA stands for Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults
It is the slow onset of type 1 diabetes in adults. LADA progresses more slowly than type 1 diabetes. Adults with LADA may initially be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes based on their age, particularly if they have risk factors for type 2 diabetes such as a strong family history of the condition or obesity. The diagnosis is based on the finding of high blood sugar together with the clinical impression that islet failure rather than insulin resistance is the main cause. It can only be treated with the usual oral treatments for type 2 diabetes for a certain period of time after which insulin treatment is usually necessary, as well as long-term monitoring for complications. 

It's unclear why some women develop gestational diabetes while others do not. Gestational Diabetes is a condition in which pregnant females get high blood glucose levels. It is caused by improper insulin responses. During pregnancy, the placenta - the organ that feeds and delivers oxygen to your baby -- releases hormones that help your baby grow. Some of these hormones interfere with mother's insulin and prevent it from functioning properly, thus leading to a rise in blood glucose levels.
Doctors theorize that genetic predisposition, environmental issues (such as obesity prior to pregnancy), and/or behavioral factors (such as diet and exercise habits) may contribute. Although the condition can strike any pregnant woman, there are several risk factors that could increase your chances of developing this disease if:
- You were overweight before you got pregnant and you are gaining weight very quickly during your pregnancy. Extra weight makes it harder for your body to use insulin.
- You have a family history of diabetes (parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes)
- You had pre-diabetes before pregnancy (blood sugar levels are high, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes)
- You had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
- You have a history of unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth
- You are over the age of 25
- You gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4kg
- You have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- You have high blood pressure

Diabetes is a disease that affects your lifestyle. In diabetes, you have to be involved in your own care. 
The everyday choices you make affect your diabetes greatly. If you visit the doctor regularly, it is you who has to manage your diabetes yourself at home/office. So, self-management is extremely important. It is very important to have the right knowledge to keep your condition under control. Lack of correct knowledge is the biggest reason for uncontrolled diabetes. Most people are unaware of what causes diabetes, and, what will keep diabetes away.
Diabetes self-management education includes knowledge and skill to manage diabetes. It prevents costly complications. It gives the confidence to take control of your condition.
 Basic knowledge and skill areas that are essential for the self-management education are -

  • self-blood glucose monitoring, 
  • monitoring of relevant health parameters, 
  • healthy eating, physical activity, 
  • stress management, 
  • incorporating an exercise regimen, 
  • prevention and management of hypo-/hyperglycemia, 
  • prevention of other complications of diabetes, and 
  • adjusting medication as prescribed by the doctor
     

You should schedule an appointment with your doctor, at least a month in advance of your trip for an updated assessment of glycemic control. 
Information regarding the climate and environment condition of your destination is a must because extreme weather affects your health. It can cause increased incidences of heat exhaustion, cold exposure or foot-ulcer. 
You must carry physician prescription, health insurance policy, medications with generic name and dosage in easily accessible bags.
You should be immunized for vaccine-preventable disease.
Outside food option is limited so carry healthy snacks.
Use comfortable shoes and protective clothing- depending on your destination’s climate
Carry Coolant/Cold packs/insulin wallet if you take insulin  
During travel, there will be an inadvertent increase in activities so blood sugar level should be checked regularly 
Remain hydrated, avoid unwanted food and physical activity, and avoid alcohol in excess

Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and altered sensation, especially of legs. This causes any injury to go unnoticed, increasing the risk of infection. The infection causes redness and swelling of the leg that is associated with fever. · Diabetic nephropathy: Hyperglycemia can also affect the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. As the kidneys are unable to filter the waste, it starts accumulating in the body along with fluid retention, resulting in edema of legs. · Oral hypoglycemic drugs: Certain medications that reduce the blood glucose levels like thiazolidinediones are known to cause leg swelling as its side effects.

As a general rule, it's exactly as safe for non-diabetic as for diabetic. What you need to watch is what's been used to replace the sugar. Possibly the manufacturer has simply stopped adding sugar to something that never needed it in the first place, but we're not usually that lucky. There are a whole range of artificial sweeteners available, with different uses, different tastes, different prices, and in some cases different interesting side effects. Cheapest and oldest is saccharin. Nasty bitter aftertaste, found in some cheap soft drinks. Next up is aspartame. This has a bit of a bad rep, though research on what harm it causes is still being argued about. Found in soft drinks, yoghurt, and quite a lot of other processed food. Sucralose is the new “common” sweetener, found in those little yellow packets of powder to go in your coffee, and in a lot more soft drinks than it used to be. Harmless as far as I know. Stevia tends to come in green packets and is said to be good because it's “natural”. So is cyanide… Found in places you'd tend to find sucralose, only with green labels and a higher price. Finally there's the sugar alcohols, with names ending in “itol”. Malitol and Xylitol are the ones I know best, and tend to see on good sugar-free chocolate. Xylitol in particular is expensive, but worth it. Warning, though - most sweets made with sweeteners come with a warning about possible laxative effects. Some people are much more sensitive than others, but I'd suggest taking that warning seriously until you know how you personally react. Jelly babies on Amazon are particularly notorious for it, but then really, if you eat an entire packet of any sort of sweets in one go, you deserve the results.

I don’t know if you mean like diet supplement drinks or like diet soda but I’m going to go with soda . I know that no soda is good for diabetics and though diet sodas have no sugar, the artificial sweetners are not good for your body and the way it metabolizes sugars, thus its especially bad for diabetics. The only soda I have seen recommended for diabetics is called Diet Rite and its got like a blue label with bubbles on it. It tastes like generic diet coke, and once you get used to it its not too bad. Its still not good for you and you should probably just drink water, but as a fellow soda fiend I understand the struggle. Just be sure to supplement your soda intake with lots of water.

Balancing your blood glucose level is the purpose/reason for taking any diabetic medications. When you take any diabetic medicine, your body uses it to allow glucose from your blood into your cells. This timing is important because, you want it to work at or around the same time you eat. Taking diabetic medicine, after your meal could cause your blood sugar level to spike before your medicine starts working. If your blood sugar levels are too high, this increases your risk for conditions like Kidney failure, Amputations, Brain Ischemia and Stroke.

It depends on the cause of the increased levels. You really have to look at each patient individually because of factors like length of time the patient has been a diabetic, comorbidities and liklihood of damage to the renal system, specific habits of the patient,etc... Some causes are related to behaviors ie not consuming enough fluid thereby raising levels due to concentration and reducing blood flow to the kidneys if there is renal damage, other things like lack of sleep, long-term history of HTN, extent of renal damage, etc... Like most everything in medicine, there is no "one size fits all" answer as there are several possible factors. Treatment should always be dependent on the cause and must take into account aggravating factors.

The consequences of high blood sugar are really serious when sustained over a long period time. These consequences, stemming from the accumulation of excess glucose in the blood stream, clogging the fine capillaries of the eyes (causing retinopathy), the kidneys (causing nephropathy), and the extremities, leading to reduced circulation into fingers and toes, which may then necessitate amputation. In the short run, high blood glucose, over 300 mg/dL, can cause type one diabetic to feel listless and sluggish, and to need to urinate frequently.

Jaggery contains sucrose and fructose in equal portions; as you know, sucrose metabolises to glucose rapidly on ingestion and can alter blood sugar levels, not a good thing for a diabetic. Fructose does not affect blood sugar levels but the sucrose can. So unless it cannot be resisted at all, avoiding jaggery would be a good idea for a diabetic. Then again it depends on how often you eat jaggery. If it is a rare and not extravagant indulgence I am sure the body can cope with the increased glucose load that day.

YES. That is the only animal based food I would recommend for diabetics. Yolk is nutrient dense, A whole egg contains about 7 grams of protein. Eggs are also an excellent source of potassium, which supports nerve and muscle health. Potassium helps balance sodium levels in the body as well, which improves your cardiovascular health. Eggs have many nutrients, such as lutein and choline. Lutein protects you against disease and choline is thought to improve brain health. Egg yolks contain biotin, which is important for healthy hair, skin, and nails, as well as insulin production. Eggs from chickens that roam on pastures are high in omega-3s, which are beneficial fats for people with diabetes.

Insulin is a medicine. If you are a Type I diabetic (juvenile diabetes)you must have insulin or your cells cannot transport glucose into themselves and you will get what is known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis which is fatal if not treated with insulin, fluids and often electrolytes. Type 2 diabetes is usually a maturity onset diabetes and they actually have too much insulin, but their body is resistant. There are many medicines to assist glucose control in Type 2 diabetes, but many Type 2 diabetics end up on insulin as a medication to get better control. Losing weight and gastric bypass actually have been known to reverse this kind of diabetes.

Uncontrolled diabetes causes weight loss. Once you control diabetes with drugs the patient would regain weight. Additionally drugs like Metformin, GLP1Analogues and SGLT2 inhibitors cause weight loss. While drugs like Pioglitazone, Sulphonylurea and Insulin cause weight gain.

The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the impact a certain food has on your blood sugar levels due to its own sugar content. Values of 55 and higher are considered medium and high GI. Foods at these levels should be consumed in moderation. Foods with a GI of 50 and below are considered acceptable.Although the GI numbers shouldn’t be an absolute deterrent on what you should or shouldn’t eat, it’s a useful tool to understand how food impacts blood sugar. Depending on their state of ripeness. Unripe bananas have a GI of about 42. Ripe bananas with brown specks have a GI of around 48 to 51. As a rule, the riper the fruit, the higher the GI value or sugar content. Half a banana has approximately 15 grams of sugar and should have a low impact on your blood sugar levels.

Keto — ketones, acidosis — low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically, resulting in a low pH, which is dangerous to the body. One example is in diabetics. When their glucose levels fall low (such people are not able to maintain their glucose levels and thus, cannot bring it back up), body starts using ketones but that leads to Diabetic Ketoacidose (DKA) — presenting as sweating, confusion, sighing breathing, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, etc.

Diabetes can be controlled at your own level with the help of the three pillars that are exercise, diet and medication. As it can be controlled but not cured completely. Uncontrolled diabetes will lead to the long term complication like kidney diseases, eye problems. If your diabetes is in control you can live your life as happy life. try to take medication on time and the amount of the calorie for a day. Exercise will help in controlling the blood sugar level.

If your diabetes is out of control, then you are going to crave sugar. You body is not able to use the sugar so it just keeps craving more. You may have to talk to you doctor about temporarily putting you on a medication to control your blood glucose… BEFORE you can control your sugar cravings. If you don’t want more meds, then you will need to walk off the blood glucose to get your cravings under control. You might also try fasting until the level comes down. Once the blood glucose comes down then you should be able to stop the cravings.

Age above 45. Overweight or obesity. A family history of diabetes. Women who are African-American, Native-American, Native Alaskan, Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native Hawaiian are more prone to be at high risk. Previous child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds. Had gestational diabetes. Have hypertension or high blood pressure. Have hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol. Exercise less than 3 times a week. History of heart disease or stroke.

Buttermilk can be consumed betweeen and just after meals (for better digestion) by a diabetic.Diabetics need to enjoy food in small amounts and frequently. Buttermilk is a good mid meal snack. Also enjoy khakhras, lentils salad/bhel, fruits and vegetables in snacks.

Yes, they can depending on how much are eaten because they contain carbohydrates, which breakdown into glucose in the body.

There are two major risk factors to diabetes. Family history of diabetes and your weight. You can't change the first one. You can control the second one. So keep a watch on your body weight and waist size (visceral fat). A rule of thumb is to keep the ratio of waist to hip (WTH) measure below 1.0 and preferably at 0.85–0.9 (for males). On an absolute number, keep the waist size below 36″. Do whatever it takes to keep the WTH ratio at 0.9 and waist size below 35″. If your weight is increasing, assume you are insulin resistant (because of your genes). Prefer to eat low carb than low fat. If possible, avoid all types of refined carbohydrates (maida, sooji or broken wheat, rice, wheat, potato and corn), sugar, fruits and root vegetables. Fruits and grains were the root causes of my pre diabetic condition.

f the patient is obese and has deranged lipid profile, then diabetics have to be careful regarding the amount and nature of fat they consume daily.Amount of fat Diabetics can take 10–15 grams of visible fat/day which means the fat one adds to the food while cooking and not the hidden fat in the food itself. This makes 2–3 tsp of fat/day.Due to deranged lipid profile or obesity, saturated fats such as ghee, butter, vanaspati and coconut oil should be used in restricted amounts.Ghee isn't bad for diabetics, if taken in restricted amounts, but it isn't beneficial in lowering the blood sugar levels too. It just adds on to the calorie consumption of the person.

Yes, the diabetic patient can drink whisky but in moderation. According to American Diabetic Association, adult men with diabetes should not have more than two drinks per day and adult women should not have more than one drink per day, of alcohol.But people with medical problems such as liver disease, pancreatitis, chronic kidney disease, advanced neuropathy and those with the history of alcohol abuse should avoid drinking. Whisky should be considered in addition to regular food and no meal should be skipped as alcohol can cause hypoglycaemia because alcohol does not require insulin for metabolism.

Actually a fasting blood sugar test is done when you haven’t eaten anything for at least 8 to 10 hours. And yet I am inclined to say that even after 7 hours of fasting if your blood glucose is 111 mg/dl, you need to take it as a warning sign and start making changes to your lifestyle. To be sure, I’d advise you to take a fasting blood sugar test for 3–4 consecutive test. If all the readings are above 100, it means that you are very likely prediabetic.

Absolutely NOT..This particular condition is related to the insulin release at day time and you may please confirm that this is not happening again and if it happens, you will have to keep a track on your diets and exercise well.Prevention is always better than cure and stay away from Diabetes!! Normal blood sugar levels Fasting blood sugar level: 70-110 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level (after 2 hrs of meal): 80-140 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance) Fasting blood sugar level: 110-125 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level: 140-200 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in diabetics Fasting blood sugar level: 126 mg/dl or more Postprandial blood sugar level: 200 mg/dl or more

Definitely u can have sugar..see, it is mostly considered that taking high sugar leads to hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus..but the thing is not so simple..Basically if u donot take extra sugar even then u can develop DM due to the resistance of the body cells to insulin..type 2 DM is a problem of the body cells …So a person with normal food intake can develop DM also , even if he doesnt take sweets..but if u are diagnosed with DM then the first and foremost condition is to …CONTROL the sugar level..and not by refraining totally from sweets..instead trying to burn down the calorie.. exercise, yoga, proper sleep habits are all useful in DM..A regular and controlled life is more important.. and burning down the carbs is one of the most helpful way to deal with Type 2 DM…

dry fruits having low glycemic index could be eaten by a diabetic person. Some of the dry fruits with low glycemic index are prunes,dried apples,apricots,dried peaches and dried plums.Use of dried fruits like dates and raisins which have high glycemic index should be limited by a diabetic persons.

Yes. Panneer has protein, fat, vitamins and other micronutrients including dietary cholesterol. It has carbohydrates too but not the refined carbohydrates type from flour and grains. Hence it is suitable for consumption to diabetes.

If diabetes has progressed to an advanced stage and the person is either using insulin or taking regular medications, then proactively being aware of your sugar levels is imperative which becomes easier with regular monitoring by using a Glucometer. Further, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a nutritious diet free from any sugar content is even more essential and in fact has proven tremendously beneficial for improving the results of insulin as well as medications.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood glucose levels. This excess glucose issecreted in the saliva as well. The bacteria thrive on glucose for energy and high levels of glucosein saliva provide an excellent environment for it to flourish. This, in turn, increases the risk of sores and thrush. It also results in a build-up of plaques on teeth that is the root cause of oral disorders.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that results in enlarged ovaries andsmall cysts at its edge. In a normal female, there is a balance between female hormones (estrogenand progesterone) and male hormones (testosterone), which is disrupted in PCOS. Thisimbalance of hormones can cause irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth, and obesity. While the exact cause of PCOS is not known, it is seen to be associated with insulin resistance and high levels of circulating insulin. Weight gain and insulin are the contributing factors to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Insulin resistance is a condition that is characterized by an abnormal response of the body cells to insulin, which causes the body to produce more insulin. Hyperinsulinemia (higher levels of insulin) causes the ovaries to produce more testosterone than usual, impairing normal ovulation. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is due to insulin deficiency or resistance. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is typically caused due to obesity and insulin resistance, which are causative factors for PCOS as well, and hence people suffering from PCOS are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the glucose metabolism and increases the blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetes is considered to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune cells of the body wrongly attack the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. In absence of insulin, the body cells cannot utilize glucose and its level increases in the blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body cells. In absence of glucose the body cells start breaking down fat and muscles for energy, which are responsible for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes. Though weight loss is common with type 1 diabetes, if more than 5% of the body weight or 5 kilos is lost, your treating doctor must be consulted. Other reasons for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes are: · Addison’s disease · Depression · Chronic diarrhea · Recurrent infection · Hyperthyroidism · Malnutrition

The sudden rise in insulin will cause their liver to release its stored glycogen to compensate and glycogon to stop the pancrease from releasing more insulin. If too much insulin is injected the blood glucose level will drop dangerously low causing coma and may even result in the death of the individual.

It has been said that ‘Excess of anything is bad!’ Hence, my advice is not completely black or white, I recommend eating things in moderation. However, if you are overweight with poorly managed diabetes, there is a list of foods that you must have to deal with the condition and honey is not one of them. Honey is sugar, after all, which would contribute to your blood sugar levels. Hence, I would not suggest additional honey for a diabetic.

Fruit is naturally quite high in sugars and fruit will typically have more carbohydrate than non-starchy vegetables. Some fruits are more sugary than others. For example, banana and mango, cheeku, grapes are examples of more sugary fruits whereas berries are examples of less sugary fruits. You may find therefore that you need to choose smaller portions of certain fruits depending on your blood glucose levels

Yes it is , If you have pre-diabetes or even diabetes, however, new science shows us that it is reversible through an aggressive approach of lifestyle changes, nutritional support and, occasionally, medications. It is important to diagnose Type 2 diabetes early, but it is often not diagnosed until very late. In fact, all doctors should aggressively diagnose pre-diabetes decades before diabetes occurs and before any damage is done to your body.

Yes Sure! That is precisely the stage you need to buckle up so that you don’t get full blown diabetes. You’ve abused your body enough with bad dietary practices and unhealthy lifestyle choices to reach this stage and you are lucky to have caught the progression of the condition at the prediabetes stage. You need to understand the signs, symptoms, causes and risks of prediabetes to reverse it. You need to chart out a course to reverse it and you’ll need the help of your physician and nutritionist to do that.

The most important factor is to cut your body fat percentage. Our bodies (especially men) store excess body fat around the waist which affects the functioning of the pancreas in producing insulin. Reducing your body fat (to under 15%) plays a big role in solving the problem. So this will cure you from turning to diabetic from pre-diabetic.

Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their feet daily for infection.

I think NO. Once you are wedded to the disease you have to live with it. No divorce possible. You should also treat your fiancee properly and if you ignore her, you will get severe punishment ranging from foot ulcer, retinopathy, kidney failure and finally heart attack.

A diet that is consisted one ingredient whole natural foods with a lot of low GI/GL foods plus a calorie deficit to help you lose body fat is the best for type 2 diabetes. Often times type 2 diabetes are caused due to being overweight so obviously a diet that allows you to steadily drop weight will help. When you have type 2 diabetes, your insulin is not working properly so the last thing you want is to take in simple carbs to spike up your insulin. Focus on complex carbs and also a lower carb diet will definitely help in your case. Hopefully this helps and here are some tasty low calorie low carb recipes with detailed written recipe, calorie, and macro info listed in the short video descriptions:

Unlike ripe jackfruit, raw jackfruit is great for diabetes. Clinical trials conducted at Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service (SUGiRS) have found that raw jackfruit has a much lower glycemic load (increase in sugar/blood glucose level) than rice and wheat.

This will largely depends on the severity of your type 1 diabetes. However for the majority of cases, type 1 will eventually progress to the point where you would require insulin administration. The reason behind this is because type 1 diabetic has lost the function to produce insulin .The pancreas has been destroyed by autoimmune cells in the body, hence rendering it unable to secret insulin. Without insulin, the body struggles to utilise glucose as energy. As a result of that, it starts breaking down fat. The breakdown in fat generates ketones, which is highly acidic to the body. The body is unable to function in a state of academia. This is life threatening and might lead to death within hours or days if not treated promptly.

The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.

Human insulin is a type of insulin that is grown synthetically in the laboratory and mimics the working of insulin in humans. It is synthesized in laboratories by growing insulin proteins with E-coli bacteria. There are 3 types of human insulin: Short-acting: It is also known as Regular insulin. Some of the examples are Actrapid, Insuman Rapid, Humulin S, etc. · Intermediate-acting: Also known as NPH insulin and is a suspension. Examples are Insuman basal, Insulatard, Humulin I, etc. · Premixed: Examples are Insuman Comb 15, 25 and 50 and Humulin M2, M3 and M5 The benefit of human insulin is that it is not very costly. Human insulin has side-effects like weight gain, fatigue and lack of hypo awareness. Extensive research is not available regarding itsbenefits and disadvantages and hence the exact result is not clear.

No, Lantus should not be diluted or mixed with other insulin or solution. If mixed, the solution can turn cloudy. The time to peak and onset of action can also be altered in an unpredictable manner when mixed with other insulin or solution. Hypoglycemia is the most common side-effect observed with Lantus and hence precautions should be taken to inject it as prescribed.

The following sites are safe for injecting insulin during pregnancy: The top and outer area of the thigh. Absorption of insulin is slower from this site unless you exercise, The upper and outer area of the arms, The buttocks. The insulin injection location should be rotated within each site. The new location should be slightly away from each other.

Black pepper In case of diabetes type 2, I wont say black pepper “cures” the disease, it rather just helps prevent it in the first place and then later helps combat against diabetes related complications.As for how it works, black pepper inhibits key enzymes linked to the disorder and reduces fluctuations in blood sugar level. It is known to as well as known as a key antioxidant which helps diabetics overcome their condition.

Sure you can.But in limited amounts.Diabetics are prone to renal diseases.Eating high amount of animal foods can put your kidneys under unwanted pressure.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.Now suppose you eat 100gm protein/day. 50gm comes from veg. foods and 50from non veg. This will get your protein ratio to 1:1.if you want to eat non veg. Your goal should be to bring this veg:nonveg. ratio to 3:1.Animal proteins are never ever fully digested by our body and result in waste products which are to be excreted by our kidneys.

Coconut water is an energizing, sweet, and natural drink which helps your body in replenishing the lost fluids.it helps to reduce diabetic issue.

Insulin is started in people with type 2 diabetes in the following conditions: Short-term insulin therapy is required in people with type 2 diabetes who have HbA1c of 9% or above and are symptomatic. It is seen that it helps in achieving better sugar control. · Long-term insulin is required when most of the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed and hence are unable to produce insulin. · During pregnancy · During and after a major surgery · Recurrent and serious infections like pneumonia.

Improving your A1C reading requires you to maintain consistently healthy blood glucose levels over time.This requires diligence in eating a healthy diet rich in complex carbs and fiber , getting regular exercise, monitoring your blood sugar regularly, and taking any medications as prescribed.

Hypoglycemia is the condition of having too little glucose in the blood, usually below 70 mg/dl. It can result from taking too much insulin, not eating, illness or excessive exercise. Physical changes include shakiness, sweating, chills and feeling clammy, increased heart rate, dizziness, blurred vision, headache, weakness or excessive fatigue, tingling and numbness in the lips or tongue, lack of coordination, nausea and, in worst cases, seizures and unconsciousness.

Hypoglycemia is the condition of having too little glucose in the blood, usually below 70 mg/dl. It can result from taking too much insulin, not eating, illness or excessive exercise. Physical changes include shakiness, sweating, chills and feeling clammy, increased heart rate, dizziness, blurred vision, headache, weakness or excessive fatigue, tingling and numbness in the lips or tongue, lack of coordination, nausea and, in worst cases, seizures and unconsciousness.

Improving your A1C reading requires you to maintain consistently healthy blood glucose levels over time.This requires diligence in eating a healthy diet rich in complex carbs and fiber , getting regular exercise, monitoring your blood sugar regularly, and taking any medications as prescribed.

Insulin is started in people with type 2 diabetes in the following conditions: Short-term insulin therapy is required in people with type 2 diabetes who have HbA1c of 9% or above and are symptomatic. It is seen that it helps in achieving better sugar control. · Long-term insulin is required when most of the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed and hence are unable to produce insulin. · During pregnancy · During and after a major surgery · Recurrent and serious infections like pneumonia.

Coconut water is an energizing, sweet, and natural drink which helps your body in replenishing the lost fluids.it helps to reduce diabetic issue.

Sure you can.But in limited amounts.Diabetics are prone to renal diseases.Eating high amount of animal foods can put your kidneys under unwanted pressure.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.Now suppose you eat 100gm protein/day. 50gm comes from veg. foods and 50from non veg. This will get your protein ratio to 1:1.if you want to eat non veg. Your goal should be to bring this veg:nonveg. ratio to 3:1.Animal proteins are never ever fully digested by our body and result in waste products which are to be excreted by our kidneys.

Black pepper In case of diabetes type 2, I wont say black pepper “cures” the disease, it rather just helps prevent it in the first place and then later helps combat against diabetes related complications.As for how it works, black pepper inhibits key enzymes linked to the disorder and reduces fluctuations in blood sugar level. It is known to as well as known as a key antioxidant which helps diabetics overcome their condition.

The following sites are safe for injecting insulin during pregnancy: The top and outer area of the thigh. Absorption of insulin is slower from this site unless you exercise, The upper and outer area of the arms, The buttocks. The insulin injection location should be rotated within each site. The new location should be slightly away from each other.

No, Lantus should not be diluted or mixed with other insulin or solution. If mixed, the solution can turn cloudy. The time to peak and onset of action can also be altered in an unpredictable manner when mixed with other insulin or solution. Hypoglycemia is the most common side-effect observed with Lantus and hence precautions should be taken to inject it as prescribed.

Human insulin is a type of insulin that is grown synthetically in the laboratory and mimics the working of insulin in humans. It is synthesized in laboratories by growing insulin proteins with E-coli bacteria. There are 3 types of human insulin: Short-acting: It is also known as Regular insulin. Some of the examples are Actrapid, Insuman Rapid, Humulin S, etc. · Intermediate-acting: Also known as NPH insulin and is a suspension. Examples are Insuman basal, Insulatard, Humulin I, etc. · Premixed: Examples are Insuman Comb 15, 25 and 50 and Humulin M2, M3 and M5 The benefit of human insulin is that it is not very costly. Human insulin has side-effects like weight gain, fatigue and lack of hypo awareness. Extensive research is not available regarding itsbenefits and disadvantages and hence the exact result is not clear.

The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.

This will largely depends on the severity of your type 1 diabetes. However for the majority of cases, type 1 will eventually progress to the point where you would require insulin administration. The reason behind this is because type 1 diabetic has lost the function to produce insulin .The pancreas has been destroyed by autoimmune cells in the body, hence rendering it unable to secret insulin. Without insulin, the body struggles to utilise glucose as energy. As a result of that, it starts breaking down fat. The breakdown in fat generates ketones, which is highly acidic to the body. The body is unable to function in a state of academia. This is life threatening and might lead to death within hours or days if not treated promptly.

Unlike ripe jackfruit, raw jackfruit is great for diabetes. Clinical trials conducted at Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service (SUGiRS) have found that raw jackfruit has a much lower glycemic load (increase in sugar/blood glucose level) than rice and wheat.

A diet that is consisted one ingredient whole natural foods with a lot of low GI/GL foods plus a calorie deficit to help you lose body fat is the best for type 2 diabetes. Often times type 2 diabetes are caused due to being overweight so obviously a diet that allows you to steadily drop weight will help. When you have type 2 diabetes, your insulin is not working properly so the last thing you want is to take in simple carbs to spike up your insulin. Focus on complex carbs and also a lower carb diet will definitely help in your case. Hopefully this helps and here are some tasty low calorie low carb recipes with detailed written recipe, calorie, and macro info listed in the short video descriptions:

I think NO. Once you are wedded to the disease you have to live with it. No divorce possible. You should also treat your fiancee properly and if you ignore her, you will get severe punishment ranging from foot ulcer, retinopathy, kidney failure and finally heart attack.

Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their feet daily for infection.

The most important factor is to cut your body fat percentage. Our bodies (especially men) store excess body fat around the waist which affects the functioning of the pancreas in producing insulin. Reducing your body fat (to under 15%) plays a big role in solving the problem. So this will cure you from turning to diabetic from pre-diabetic.

Yes Sure! That is precisely the stage you need to buckle up so that you don’t get full blown diabetes. You’ve abused your body enough with bad dietary practices and unhealthy lifestyle choices to reach this stage and you are lucky to have caught the progression of the condition at the prediabetes stage. You need to understand the signs, symptoms, causes and risks of prediabetes to reverse it. You need to chart out a course to reverse it and you’ll need the help of your physician and nutritionist to do that.

Yes it is , If you have pre-diabetes or even diabetes, however, new science shows us that it is reversible through an aggressive approach of lifestyle changes, nutritional support and, occasionally, medications. It is important to diagnose Type 2 diabetes early, but it is often not diagnosed until very late. In fact, all doctors should aggressively diagnose pre-diabetes decades before diabetes occurs and before any damage is done to your body.

Fruit is naturally quite high in sugars and fruit will typically have more carbohydrate than non-starchy vegetables. Some fruits are more sugary than others. For example, banana and mango, cheeku, grapes are examples of more sugary fruits whereas berries are examples of less sugary fruits. You may find therefore that you need to choose smaller portions of certain fruits depending on your blood glucose levels

It has been said that ‘Excess of anything is bad!’ Hence, my advice is not completely black or white, I recommend eating things in moderation. However, if you are overweight with poorly managed diabetes, there is a list of foods that you must have to deal with the condition and honey is not one of them. Honey is sugar, after all, which would contribute to your blood sugar levels. Hence, I would not suggest additional honey for a diabetic.

The sudden rise in insulin will cause their liver to release its stored glycogen to compensate and glycogon to stop the pancrease from releasing more insulin. If too much insulin is injected the blood glucose level will drop dangerously low causing coma and may even result in the death of the individual.

Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the glucose metabolism and increases the blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetes is considered to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune cells of the body wrongly attack the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. In absence of insulin, the body cells cannot utilize glucose and its level increases in the blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body cells. In absence of glucose the body cells start breaking down fat and muscles for energy, which are responsible for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes. Though weight loss is common with type 1 diabetes, if more than 5% of the body weight or 5 kilos is lost, your treating doctor must be consulted. Other reasons for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes are: · Addison’s disease · Depression · Chronic diarrhea · Recurrent infection · Hyperthyroidism · Malnutrition

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that results in enlarged ovaries andsmall cysts at its edge. In a normal female, there is a balance between female hormones (estrogenand progesterone) and male hormones (testosterone), which is disrupted in PCOS. Thisimbalance of hormones can cause irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth, and obesity. While the exact cause of PCOS is not known, it is seen to be associated with insulin resistance and high levels of circulating insulin. Weight gain and insulin are the contributing factors to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Insulin resistance is a condition that is characterized by an abnormal response of the body cells to insulin, which causes the body to produce more insulin. Hyperinsulinemia (higher levels of insulin) causes the ovaries to produce more testosterone than usual, impairing normal ovulation. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is due to insulin deficiency or resistance. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is typically caused due to obesity and insulin resistance, which are causative factors for PCOS as well, and hence people suffering from PCOS are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood glucose levels. This excess glucose issecreted in the saliva as well. The bacteria thrive on glucose for energy and high levels of glucosein saliva provide an excellent environment for it to flourish. This, in turn, increases the risk of sores and thrush. It also results in a build-up of plaques on teeth that is the root cause of oral disorders.

If diabetes has progressed to an advanced stage and the person is either using insulin or taking regular medications, then proactively being aware of your sugar levels is imperative which becomes easier with regular monitoring by using a Glucometer. Further, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a nutritious diet free from any sugar content is even more essential and in fact has proven tremendously beneficial for improving the results of insulin as well as medications.

Yes. Panneer has protein, fat, vitamins and other micronutrients including dietary cholesterol. It has carbohydrates too but not the refined carbohydrates type from flour and grains. Hence it is suitable for consumption to diabetes.

dry fruits having low glycemic index could be eaten by a diabetic person. Some of the dry fruits with low glycemic index are prunes,dried apples,apricots,dried peaches and dried plums.Use of dried fruits like dates and raisins which have high glycemic index should be limited by a diabetic persons.

Definitely u can have sugar..see, it is mostly considered that taking high sugar leads to hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus..but the thing is not so simple..Basically if u donot take extra sugar even then u can develop DM due to the resistance of the body cells to insulin..type 2 DM is a problem of the body cells …So a person with normal food intake can develop DM also , even if he doesnt take sweets..but if u are diagnosed with DM then the first and foremost condition is to …CONTROL the sugar level..and not by refraining totally from sweets..instead trying to burn down the calorie.. exercise, yoga, proper sleep habits are all useful in DM..A regular and controlled life is more important.. and burning down the carbs is one of the most helpful way to deal with Type 2 DM…

Absolutely NOT..This particular condition is related to the insulin release at day time and you may please confirm that this is not happening again and if it happens, you will have to keep a track on your diets and exercise well.Prevention is always better than cure and stay away from Diabetes!! Normal blood sugar levels Fasting blood sugar level: 70-110 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level (after 2 hrs of meal): 80-140 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance) Fasting blood sugar level: 110-125 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level: 140-200 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in diabetics Fasting blood sugar level: 126 mg/dl or more Postprandial blood sugar level: 200 mg/dl or more

Actually a fasting blood sugar test is done when you haven’t eaten anything for at least 8 to 10 hours. And yet I am inclined to say that even after 7 hours of fasting if your blood glucose is 111 mg/dl, you need to take it as a warning sign and start making changes to your lifestyle. To be sure, I’d advise you to take a fasting blood sugar test for 3–4 consecutive test. If all the readings are above 100, it means that you are very likely prediabetic.

Yes, the diabetic patient can drink whisky but in moderation. According to American Diabetic Association, adult men with diabetes should not have more than two drinks per day and adult women should not have more than one drink per day, of alcohol.But people with medical problems such as liver disease, pancreatitis, chronic kidney disease, advanced neuropathy and those with the history of alcohol abuse should avoid drinking. Whisky should be considered in addition to regular food and no meal should be skipped as alcohol can cause hypoglycaemia because alcohol does not require insulin for metabolism.

f the patient is obese and has deranged lipid profile, then diabetics have to be careful regarding the amount and nature of fat they consume daily.Amount of fat Diabetics can take 10–15 grams of visible fat/day which means the fat one adds to the food while cooking and not the hidden fat in the food itself. This makes 2–3 tsp of fat/day.Due to deranged lipid profile or obesity, saturated fats such as ghee, butter, vanaspati and coconut oil should be used in restricted amounts.Ghee isn't bad for diabetics, if taken in restricted amounts, but it isn't beneficial in lowering the blood sugar levels too. It just adds on to the calorie consumption of the person.

There are two major risk factors to diabetes. Family history of diabetes and your weight. You can't change the first one. You can control the second one. So keep a watch on your body weight and waist size (visceral fat). A rule of thumb is to keep the ratio of waist to hip (WTH) measure below 1.0 and preferably at 0.85–0.9 (for males). On an absolute number, keep the waist size below 36″. Do whatever it takes to keep the WTH ratio at 0.9 and waist size below 35″. If your weight is increasing, assume you are insulin resistant (because of your genes). Prefer to eat low carb than low fat. If possible, avoid all types of refined carbohydrates (maida, sooji or broken wheat, rice, wheat, potato and corn), sugar, fruits and root vegetables. Fruits and grains were the root causes of my pre diabetic condition.

Yes, they can depending on how much are eaten because they contain carbohydrates, which breakdown into glucose in the body.

Buttermilk can be consumed betweeen and just after meals (for better digestion) by a diabetic.Diabetics need to enjoy food in small amounts and frequently. Buttermilk is a good mid meal snack. Also enjoy khakhras, lentils salad/bhel, fruits and vegetables in snacks.

Age above 45. Overweight or obesity. A family history of diabetes. Women who are African-American, Native-American, Native Alaskan, Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native Hawaiian are more prone to be at high risk. Previous child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds. Had gestational diabetes. Have hypertension or high blood pressure. Have hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol. Exercise less than 3 times a week. History of heart disease or stroke.

If your diabetes is out of control, then you are going to crave sugar. You body is not able to use the sugar so it just keeps craving more. You may have to talk to you doctor about temporarily putting you on a medication to control your blood glucose… BEFORE you can control your sugar cravings. If you don’t want more meds, then you will need to walk off the blood glucose to get your cravings under control. You might also try fasting until the level comes down. Once the blood glucose comes down then you should be able to stop the cravings.

Diabetes can be controlled at your own level with the help of the three pillars that are exercise, diet and medication. As it can be controlled but not cured completely. Uncontrolled diabetes will lead to the long term complication like kidney diseases, eye problems. If your diabetes is in control you can live your life as happy life. try to take medication on time and the amount of the calorie for a day. Exercise will help in controlling the blood sugar level.

Keto — ketones, acidosis — low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically, resulting in a low pH, which is dangerous to the body. One example is in diabetics. When their glucose levels fall low (such people are not able to maintain their glucose levels and thus, cannot bring it back up), body starts using ketones but that leads to Diabetic Ketoacidose (DKA) — presenting as sweating, confusion, sighing breathing, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, etc.

The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the impact a certain food has on your blood sugar levels due to its own sugar content. Values of 55 and higher are considered medium and high GI. Foods at these levels should be consumed in moderation. Foods with a GI of 50 and below are considered acceptable.Although the GI numbers shouldn’t be an absolute deterrent on what you should or shouldn’t eat, it’s a useful tool to understand how food impacts blood sugar. Depending on their state of ripeness. Unripe bananas have a GI of about 42. Ripe bananas with brown specks have a GI of around 48 to 51. As a rule, the riper the fruit, the higher the GI value or sugar content. Half a banana has approximately 15 grams of sugar and should have a low impact on your blood sugar levels.

Uncontrolled diabetes causes weight loss. Once you control diabetes with drugs the patient would regain weight. Additionally drugs like Metformin, GLP1Analogues and SGLT2 inhibitors cause weight loss. While drugs like Pioglitazone, Sulphonylurea and Insulin cause weight gain.

Insulin is a medicine. If you are a Type I diabetic (juvenile diabetes)you must have insulin or your cells cannot transport glucose into themselves and you will get what is known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis which is fatal if not treated with insulin, fluids and often electrolytes. Type 2 diabetes is usually a maturity onset diabetes and they actually have too much insulin, but their body is resistant. There are many medicines to assist glucose control in Type 2 diabetes, but many Type 2 diabetics end up on insulin as a medication to get better control. Losing weight and gastric bypass actually have been known to reverse this kind of diabetes.

YES. That is the only animal based food I would recommend for diabetics. Yolk is nutrient dense, A whole egg contains about 7 grams of protein. Eggs are also an excellent source of potassium, which supports nerve and muscle health. Potassium helps balance sodium levels in the body as well, which improves your cardiovascular health. Eggs have many nutrients, such as lutein and choline. Lutein protects you against disease and choline is thought to improve brain health. Egg yolks contain biotin, which is important for healthy hair, skin, and nails, as well as insulin production. Eggs from chickens that roam on pastures are high in omega-3s, which are beneficial fats for people with diabetes.

Jaggery contains sucrose and fructose in equal portions; as you know, sucrose metabolises to glucose rapidly on ingestion and can alter blood sugar levels, not a good thing for a diabetic. Fructose does not affect blood sugar levels but the sucrose can. So unless it cannot be resisted at all, avoiding jaggery would be a good idea for a diabetic. Then again it depends on how often you eat jaggery. If it is a rare and not extravagant indulgence I am sure the body can cope with the increased glucose load that day.

The consequences of high blood sugar are really serious when sustained over a long period time. These consequences, stemming from the accumulation of excess glucose in the blood stream, clogging the fine capillaries of the eyes (causing retinopathy), the kidneys (causing nephropathy), and the extremities, leading to reduced circulation into fingers and toes, which may then necessitate amputation. In the short run, high blood glucose, over 300 mg/dL, can cause type one diabetic to feel listless and sluggish, and to need to urinate frequently.

It depends on the cause of the increased levels. You really have to look at each patient individually because of factors like length of time the patient has been a diabetic, comorbidities and liklihood of damage to the renal system, specific habits of the patient,etc... Some causes are related to behaviors ie not consuming enough fluid thereby raising levels due to concentration and reducing blood flow to the kidneys if there is renal damage, other things like lack of sleep, long-term history of HTN, extent of renal damage, etc... Like most everything in medicine, there is no "one size fits all" answer as there are several possible factors. Treatment should always be dependent on the cause and must take into account aggravating factors.

Balancing your blood glucose level is the purpose/reason for taking any diabetic medications. When you take any diabetic medicine, your body uses it to allow glucose from your blood into your cells. This timing is important because, you want it to work at or around the same time you eat. Taking diabetic medicine, after your meal could cause your blood sugar level to spike before your medicine starts working. If your blood sugar levels are too high, this increases your risk for conditions like Kidney failure, Amputations, Brain Ischemia and Stroke.

I don’t know if you mean like diet supplement drinks or like diet soda but I’m going to go with soda . I know that no soda is good for diabetics and though diet sodas have no sugar, the artificial sweetners are not good for your body and the way it metabolizes sugars, thus its especially bad for diabetics. The only soda I have seen recommended for diabetics is called Diet Rite and its got like a blue label with bubbles on it. It tastes like generic diet coke, and once you get used to it its not too bad. Its still not good for you and you should probably just drink water, but as a fellow soda fiend I understand the struggle. Just be sure to supplement your soda intake with lots of water.

As a general rule, it's exactly as safe for non-diabetic as for diabetic. What you need to watch is what's been used to replace the sugar. Possibly the manufacturer has simply stopped adding sugar to something that never needed it in the first place, but we're not usually that lucky. There are a whole range of artificial sweeteners available, with different uses, different tastes, different prices, and in some cases different interesting side effects. Cheapest and oldest is saccharin. Nasty bitter aftertaste, found in some cheap soft drinks. Next up is aspartame. This has a bit of a bad rep, though research on what harm it causes is still being argued about. Found in soft drinks, yoghurt, and quite a lot of other processed food. Sucralose is the new “common” sweetener, found in those little yellow packets of powder to go in your coffee, and in a lot more soft drinks than it used to be. Harmless as far as I know. Stevia tends to come in green packets and is said to be good because it's “natural”. So is cyanide… Found in places you'd tend to find sucralose, only with green labels and a higher price. Finally there's the sugar alcohols, with names ending in “itol”. Malitol and Xylitol are the ones I know best, and tend to see on good sugar-free chocolate. Xylitol in particular is expensive, but worth it. Warning, though - most sweets made with sweeteners come with a warning about possible laxative effects. Some people are much more sensitive than others, but I'd suggest taking that warning seriously until you know how you personally react. Jelly babies on Amazon are particularly notorious for it, but then really, if you eat an entire packet of any sort of sweets in one go, you deserve the results.

Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and altered sensation, especially of legs. This causes any injury to go unnoticed, increasing the risk of infection. The infection causes redness and swelling of the leg that is associated with fever. · Diabetic nephropathy: Hyperglycemia can also affect the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. As the kidneys are unable to filter the waste, it starts accumulating in the body along with fluid retention, resulting in edema of legs. · Oral hypoglycemic drugs: Certain medications that reduce the blood glucose levels like thiazolidinediones are known to cause leg swelling as its side effects.

Fruits are high in Fructose but as it ripens, it changes into Glucose. The quantity and choice of the fruits depend on your blood sugar control and medicines you have been prescribed. Take care to select fruits with low glycemic load and don't take canned or sugar-coated fruits in your diet. To retain its nutritional value and minimize the glucose content, try to avoid juices. Consume your fruits along with the peel to improve fiber content. Fruits are rich in soluble fiber which is known to reduce cholesterol and they are rich in phytochemicals.
List of low Glycemic Index fruits

  • Apple
  • Pear
  • Guava
  • Oranges
  • Sweetlime
  • Berries - strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, gooseberries (Amla in Hindi)
  • Papaya
  • Watermelon
  • Muskmelon
  • Plumps (Aloo bukhara in Hindi)
  • Peaches
     

Diet plays a major role in controlling diabetes. 60% people can control their diabetes through diet alone without needing to take medication - that's how important diet is!
 There are 3 perspectives of diet: - Type, Time and Quantity. 
Type of Diet in diabetes should be Low in Carbs, fat and high in fiber and protein. 
Time of Diet helps to keep blood glucose stable; so, go for 3 small meals and 2 healthy snacks in a day. Quantity is the key to controlling diabetes. You can eat anything as long as the portion is small. Your dietary practices determine your blood glucose levels. 
There are red light food items - that increase blood glucose levels like simple carbs, fats, refined foods etc. And there are green light food items that help to stabilize your blood glucose levels like vegetables, salads, high fiber foods.  By making wise food choices, you can keep your diabetes under control. 
Eating excess of calories and fat raises your blood glucose levels which can lead to serious long-term complications.
People with diabetes can easily control their blood sugar by making healthy food choices. A healthy diet helps you control your blood sugar level, manage your weight and control risk factors.
 

LADA stands for Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults
It is the slow onset of type 1 diabetes in adults. LADA progresses more slowly than type 1 diabetes. Adults with LADA may initially be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes based on their age, particularly if they have risk factors for type 2 diabetes such as a strong family history of the condition or obesity. The diagnosis is based on the finding of high blood sugar together with the clinical impression that islet failure rather than insulin resistance is the main cause. It can only be treated with the usual oral treatments for type 2 diabetes for a certain period of time after which insulin treatment is usually necessary, as well as long-term monitoring for complications. 

It's unclear why some women develop gestational diabetes while others do not. Gestational Diabetes is a condition in which pregnant females get high blood glucose levels. It is caused by improper insulin responses. During pregnancy, the placenta - the organ that feeds and delivers oxygen to your baby -- releases hormones that help your baby grow. Some of these hormones interfere with mother's insulin and prevent it from functioning properly, thus leading to a rise in blood glucose levels.
Doctors theorize that genetic predisposition, environmental issues (such as obesity prior to pregnancy), and/or behavioral factors (such as diet and exercise habits) may contribute. Although the condition can strike any pregnant woman, there are several risk factors that could increase your chances of developing this disease if:
- You were overweight before you got pregnant and you are gaining weight very quickly during your pregnancy. Extra weight makes it harder for your body to use insulin.
- You have a family history of diabetes (parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes)
- You had pre-diabetes before pregnancy (blood sugar levels are high, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes)
- You had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
- You have a history of unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth
- You are over the age of 25
- You gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4kg
- You have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- You have high blood pressure

Diabetes is a disease that affects your lifestyle. In diabetes, you have to be involved in your own care. 
The everyday choices you make affect your diabetes greatly. If you visit the doctor regularly, it is you who has to manage your diabetes yourself at home/office. So, self-management is extremely important. It is very important to have the right knowledge to keep your condition under control. Lack of correct knowledge is the biggest reason for uncontrolled diabetes. Most people are unaware of what causes diabetes, and, what will keep diabetes away.
Diabetes self-management education includes knowledge and skill to manage diabetes. It prevents costly complications. It gives the confidence to take control of your condition.
 Basic knowledge and skill areas that are essential for the self-management education are -

  • self-blood glucose monitoring, 
  • monitoring of relevant health parameters, 
  • healthy eating, physical activity, 
  • stress management, 
  • incorporating an exercise regimen, 
  • prevention and management of hypo-/hyperglycemia, 
  • prevention of other complications of diabetes, and 
  • adjusting medication as prescribed by the doctor
     

You should schedule an appointment with your doctor, at least a month in advance of your trip for an updated assessment of glycemic control. 
Information regarding the climate and environment condition of your destination is a must because extreme weather affects your health. It can cause increased incidences of heat exhaustion, cold exposure or foot-ulcer. 
You must carry physician prescription, health insurance policy, medications with generic name and dosage in easily accessible bags.
You should be immunized for vaccine-preventable disease.
Outside food option is limited so carry healthy snacks.
Use comfortable shoes and protective clothing- depending on your destination’s climate
Carry Coolant/Cold packs/insulin wallet if you take insulin  
During travel, there will be an inadvertent increase in activities so blood sugar level should be checked regularly 
Remain hydrated, avoid unwanted food and physical activity, and avoid alcohol in excess

Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and altered sensation, especially of legs. This causes any injury to go unnoticed, increasing the risk of infection. The infection causes redness and swelling of the leg that is associated with fever. · Diabetic nephropathy: Hyperglycemia can also affect the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. As the kidneys are unable to filter the waste, it starts accumulating in the body along with fluid retention, resulting in edema of legs. · Oral hypoglycemic drugs: Certain medications that reduce the blood glucose levels like thiazolidinediones are known to cause leg swelling as its side effects.

As a general rule, it's exactly as safe for non-diabetic as for diabetic. What you need to watch is what's been used to replace the sugar. Possibly the manufacturer has simply stopped adding sugar to something that never needed it in the first place, but we're not usually that lucky. There are a whole range of artificial sweeteners available, with different uses, different tastes, different prices, and in some cases different interesting side effects. Cheapest and oldest is saccharin. Nasty bitter aftertaste, found in some cheap soft drinks. Next up is aspartame. This has a bit of a bad rep, though research on what harm it causes is still being argued about. Found in soft drinks, yoghurt, and quite a lot of other processed food. Sucralose is the new “common” sweetener, found in those little yellow packets of powder to go in your coffee, and in a lot more soft drinks than it used to be. Harmless as far as I know. Stevia tends to come in green packets and is said to be good because it's “natural”. So is cyanide… Found in places you'd tend to find sucralose, only with green labels and a higher price. Finally there's the sugar alcohols, with names ending in “itol”. Malitol and Xylitol are the ones I know best, and tend to see on good sugar-free chocolate. Xylitol in particular is expensive, but worth it. Warning, though - most sweets made with sweeteners come with a warning about possible laxative effects. Some people are much more sensitive than others, but I'd suggest taking that warning seriously until you know how you personally react. Jelly babies on Amazon are particularly notorious for it, but then really, if you eat an entire packet of any sort of sweets in one go, you deserve the results.

I don’t know if you mean like diet supplement drinks or like diet soda but I’m going to go with soda . I know that no soda is good for diabetics and though diet sodas have no sugar, the artificial sweetners are not good for your body and the way it metabolizes sugars, thus its especially bad for diabetics. The only soda I have seen recommended for diabetics is called Diet Rite and its got like a blue label with bubbles on it. It tastes like generic diet coke, and once you get used to it its not too bad. Its still not good for you and you should probably just drink water, but as a fellow soda fiend I understand the struggle. Just be sure to supplement your soda intake with lots of water.

Balancing your blood glucose level is the purpose/reason for taking any diabetic medications. When you take any diabetic medicine, your body uses it to allow glucose from your blood into your cells. This timing is important because, you want it to work at or around the same time you eat. Taking diabetic medicine, after your meal could cause your blood sugar level to spike before your medicine starts working. If your blood sugar levels are too high, this increases your risk for conditions like Kidney failure, Amputations, Brain Ischemia and Stroke.

It depends on the cause of the increased levels. You really have to look at each patient individually because of factors like length of time the patient has been a diabetic, comorbidities and liklihood of damage to the renal system, specific habits of the patient,etc... Some causes are related to behaviors ie not consuming enough fluid thereby raising levels due to concentration and reducing blood flow to the kidneys if there is renal damage, other things like lack of sleep, long-term history of HTN, extent of renal damage, etc... Like most everything in medicine, there is no "one size fits all" answer as there are several possible factors. Treatment should always be dependent on the cause and must take into account aggravating factors.

The consequences of high blood sugar are really serious when sustained over a long period time. These consequences, stemming from the accumulation of excess glucose in the blood stream, clogging the fine capillaries of the eyes (causing retinopathy), the kidneys (causing nephropathy), and the extremities, leading to reduced circulation into fingers and toes, which may then necessitate amputation. In the short run, high blood glucose, over 300 mg/dL, can cause type one diabetic to feel listless and sluggish, and to need to urinate frequently.

Jaggery contains sucrose and fructose in equal portions; as you know, sucrose metabolises to glucose rapidly on ingestion and can alter blood sugar levels, not a good thing for a diabetic. Fructose does not affect blood sugar levels but the sucrose can. So unless it cannot be resisted at all, avoiding jaggery would be a good idea for a diabetic. Then again it depends on how often you eat jaggery. If it is a rare and not extravagant indulgence I am sure the body can cope with the increased glucose load that day.

YES. That is the only animal based food I would recommend for diabetics. Yolk is nutrient dense, A whole egg contains about 7 grams of protein. Eggs are also an excellent source of potassium, which supports nerve and muscle health. Potassium helps balance sodium levels in the body as well, which improves your cardiovascular health. Eggs have many nutrients, such as lutein and choline. Lutein protects you against disease and choline is thought to improve brain health. Egg yolks contain biotin, which is important for healthy hair, skin, and nails, as well as insulin production. Eggs from chickens that roam on pastures are high in omega-3s, which are beneficial fats for people with diabetes.

Insulin is a medicine. If you are a Type I diabetic (juvenile diabetes)you must have insulin or your cells cannot transport glucose into themselves and you will get what is known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis which is fatal if not treated with insulin, fluids and often electrolytes. Type 2 diabetes is usually a maturity onset diabetes and they actually have too much insulin, but their body is resistant. There are many medicines to assist glucose control in Type 2 diabetes, but many Type 2 diabetics end up on insulin as a medication to get better control. Losing weight and gastric bypass actually have been known to reverse this kind of diabetes.

Uncontrolled diabetes causes weight loss. Once you control diabetes with drugs the patient would regain weight. Additionally drugs like Metformin, GLP1Analogues and SGLT2 inhibitors cause weight loss. While drugs like Pioglitazone, Sulphonylurea and Insulin cause weight gain.

The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the impact a certain food has on your blood sugar levels due to its own sugar content. Values of 55 and higher are considered medium and high GI. Foods at these levels should be consumed in moderation. Foods with a GI of 50 and below are considered acceptable.Although the GI numbers shouldn’t be an absolute deterrent on what you should or shouldn’t eat, it’s a useful tool to understand how food impacts blood sugar. Depending on their state of ripeness. Unripe bananas have a GI of about 42. Ripe bananas with brown specks have a GI of around 48 to 51. As a rule, the riper the fruit, the higher the GI value or sugar content. Half a banana has approximately 15 grams of sugar and should have a low impact on your blood sugar levels.

Keto — ketones, acidosis — low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically, resulting in a low pH, which is dangerous to the body. One example is in diabetics. When their glucose levels fall low (such people are not able to maintain their glucose levels and thus, cannot bring it back up), body starts using ketones but that leads to Diabetic Ketoacidose (DKA) — presenting as sweating, confusion, sighing breathing, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, etc.

Diabetes can be controlled at your own level with the help of the three pillars that are exercise, diet and medication. As it can be controlled but not cured completely. Uncontrolled diabetes will lead to the long term complication like kidney diseases, eye problems. If your diabetes is in control you can live your life as happy life. try to take medication on time and the amount of the calorie for a day. Exercise will help in controlling the blood sugar level.

If your diabetes is out of control, then you are going to crave sugar. You body is not able to use the sugar so it just keeps craving more. You may have to talk to you doctor about temporarily putting you on a medication to control your blood glucose… BEFORE you can control your sugar cravings. If you don’t want more meds, then you will need to walk off the blood glucose to get your cravings under control. You might also try fasting until the level comes down. Once the blood glucose comes down then you should be able to stop the cravings.

Age above 45. Overweight or obesity. A family history of diabetes. Women who are African-American, Native-American, Native Alaskan, Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native Hawaiian are more prone to be at high risk. Previous child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds. Had gestational diabetes. Have hypertension or high blood pressure. Have hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol. Exercise less than 3 times a week. History of heart disease or stroke.

Buttermilk can be consumed betweeen and just after meals (for better digestion) by a diabetic.Diabetics need to enjoy food in small amounts and frequently. Buttermilk is a good mid meal snack. Also enjoy khakhras, lentils salad/bhel, fruits and vegetables in snacks.

Yes, they can depending on how much are eaten because they contain carbohydrates, which breakdown into glucose in the body.

There are two major risk factors to diabetes. Family history of diabetes and your weight. You can't change the first one. You can control the second one. So keep a watch on your body weight and waist size (visceral fat). A rule of thumb is to keep the ratio of waist to hip (WTH) measure below 1.0 and preferably at 0.85–0.9 (for males). On an absolute number, keep the waist size below 36″. Do whatever it takes to keep the WTH ratio at 0.9 and waist size below 35″. If your weight is increasing, assume you are insulin resistant (because of your genes). Prefer to eat low carb than low fat. If possible, avoid all types of refined carbohydrates (maida, sooji or broken wheat, rice, wheat, potato and corn), sugar, fruits and root vegetables. Fruits and grains were the root causes of my pre diabetic condition.

f the patient is obese and has deranged lipid profile, then diabetics have to be careful regarding the amount and nature of fat they consume daily.Amount of fat Diabetics can take 10–15 grams of visible fat/day which means the fat one adds to the food while cooking and not the hidden fat in the food itself. This makes 2–3 tsp of fat/day.Due to deranged lipid profile or obesity, saturated fats such as ghee, butter, vanaspati and coconut oil should be used in restricted amounts.Ghee isn't bad for diabetics, if taken in restricted amounts, but it isn't beneficial in lowering the blood sugar levels too. It just adds on to the calorie consumption of the person.

Yes, the diabetic patient can drink whisky but in moderation. According to American Diabetic Association, adult men with diabetes should not have more than two drinks per day and adult women should not have more than one drink per day, of alcohol.But people with medical problems such as liver disease, pancreatitis, chronic kidney disease, advanced neuropathy and those with the history of alcohol abuse should avoid drinking. Whisky should be considered in addition to regular food and no meal should be skipped as alcohol can cause hypoglycaemia because alcohol does not require insulin for metabolism.

Actually a fasting blood sugar test is done when you haven’t eaten anything for at least 8 to 10 hours. And yet I am inclined to say that even after 7 hours of fasting if your blood glucose is 111 mg/dl, you need to take it as a warning sign and start making changes to your lifestyle. To be sure, I’d advise you to take a fasting blood sugar test for 3–4 consecutive test. If all the readings are above 100, it means that you are very likely prediabetic.

Absolutely NOT..This particular condition is related to the insulin release at day time and you may please confirm that this is not happening again and if it happens, you will have to keep a track on your diets and exercise well.Prevention is always better than cure and stay away from Diabetes!! Normal blood sugar levels Fasting blood sugar level: 70-110 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level (after 2 hrs of meal): 80-140 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance) Fasting blood sugar level: 110-125 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level: 140-200 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in diabetics Fasting blood sugar level: 126 mg/dl or more Postprandial blood sugar level: 200 mg/dl or more

Definitely u can have sugar..see, it is mostly considered that taking high sugar leads to hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus..but the thing is not so simple..Basically if u donot take extra sugar even then u can develop DM due to the resistance of the body cells to insulin..type 2 DM is a problem of the body cells …So a person with normal food intake can develop DM also , even if he doesnt take sweets..but if u are diagnosed with DM then the first and foremost condition is to …CONTROL the sugar level..and not by refraining totally from sweets..instead trying to burn down the calorie.. exercise, yoga, proper sleep habits are all useful in DM..A regular and controlled life is more important.. and burning down the carbs is one of the most helpful way to deal with Type 2 DM…

dry fruits having low glycemic index could be eaten by a diabetic person. Some of the dry fruits with low glycemic index are prunes,dried apples,apricots,dried peaches and dried plums.Use of dried fruits like dates and raisins which have high glycemic index should be limited by a diabetic persons.

Yes. Panneer has protein, fat, vitamins and other micronutrients including dietary cholesterol. It has carbohydrates too but not the refined carbohydrates type from flour and grains. Hence it is suitable for consumption to diabetes.

If diabetes has progressed to an advanced stage and the person is either using insulin or taking regular medications, then proactively being aware of your sugar levels is imperative which becomes easier with regular monitoring by using a Glucometer. Further, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a nutritious diet free from any sugar content is even more essential and in fact has proven tremendously beneficial for improving the results of insulin as well as medications.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood glucose levels. This excess glucose issecreted in the saliva as well. The bacteria thrive on glucose for energy and high levels of glucosein saliva provide an excellent environment for it to flourish. This, in turn, increases the risk of sores and thrush. It also results in a build-up of plaques on teeth that is the root cause of oral disorders.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that results in enlarged ovaries andsmall cysts at its edge. In a normal female, there is a balance between female hormones (estrogenand progesterone) and male hormones (testosterone), which is disrupted in PCOS. Thisimbalance of hormones can cause irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth, and obesity. While the exact cause of PCOS is not known, it is seen to be associated with insulin resistance and high levels of circulating insulin. Weight gain and insulin are the contributing factors to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Insulin resistance is a condition that is characterized by an abnormal response of the body cells to insulin, which causes the body to produce more insulin. Hyperinsulinemia (higher levels of insulin) causes the ovaries to produce more testosterone than usual, impairing normal ovulation. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is due to insulin deficiency or resistance. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is typically caused due to obesity and insulin resistance, which are causative factors for PCOS as well, and hence people suffering from PCOS are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the glucose metabolism and increases the blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetes is considered to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune cells of the body wrongly attack the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. In absence of insulin, the body cells cannot utilize glucose and its level increases in the blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body cells. In absence of glucose the body cells start breaking down fat and muscles for energy, which are responsible for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes. Though weight loss is common with type 1 diabetes, if more than 5% of the body weight or 5 kilos is lost, your treating doctor must be consulted. Other reasons for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes are: · Addison’s disease · Depression · Chronic diarrhea · Recurrent infection · Hyperthyroidism · Malnutrition

The sudden rise in insulin will cause their liver to release its stored glycogen to compensate and glycogon to stop the pancrease from releasing more insulin. If too much insulin is injected the blood glucose level will drop dangerously low causing coma and may even result in the death of the individual.

It has been said that ‘Excess of anything is bad!’ Hence, my advice is not completely black or white, I recommend eating things in moderation. However, if you are overweight with poorly managed diabetes, there is a list of foods that you must have to deal with the condition and honey is not one of them. Honey is sugar, after all, which would contribute to your blood sugar levels. Hence, I would not suggest additional honey for a diabetic.

Fruit is naturally quite high in sugars and fruit will typically have more carbohydrate than non-starchy vegetables. Some fruits are more sugary than others. For example, banana and mango, cheeku, grapes are examples of more sugary fruits whereas berries are examples of less sugary fruits. You may find therefore that you need to choose smaller portions of certain fruits depending on your blood glucose levels

Yes it is , If you have pre-diabetes or even diabetes, however, new science shows us that it is reversible through an aggressive approach of lifestyle changes, nutritional support and, occasionally, medications. It is important to diagnose Type 2 diabetes early, but it is often not diagnosed until very late. In fact, all doctors should aggressively diagnose pre-diabetes decades before diabetes occurs and before any damage is done to your body.

Yes Sure! That is precisely the stage you need to buckle up so that you don’t get full blown diabetes. You’ve abused your body enough with bad dietary practices and unhealthy lifestyle choices to reach this stage and you are lucky to have caught the progression of the condition at the prediabetes stage. You need to understand the signs, symptoms, causes and risks of prediabetes to reverse it. You need to chart out a course to reverse it and you’ll need the help of your physician and nutritionist to do that.

The most important factor is to cut your body fat percentage. Our bodies (especially men) store excess body fat around the waist which affects the functioning of the pancreas in producing insulin. Reducing your body fat (to under 15%) plays a big role in solving the problem. So this will cure you from turning to diabetic from pre-diabetic.

Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their feet daily for infection.

I think NO. Once you are wedded to the disease you have to live with it. No divorce possible. You should also treat your fiancee properly and if you ignore her, you will get severe punishment ranging from foot ulcer, retinopathy, kidney failure and finally heart attack.

A diet that is consisted one ingredient whole natural foods with a lot of low GI/GL foods plus a calorie deficit to help you lose body fat is the best for type 2 diabetes. Often times type 2 diabetes are caused due to being overweight so obviously a diet that allows you to steadily drop weight will help. When you have type 2 diabetes, your insulin is not working properly so the last thing you want is to take in simple carbs to spike up your insulin. Focus on complex carbs and also a lower carb diet will definitely help in your case. Hopefully this helps and here are some tasty low calorie low carb recipes with detailed written recipe, calorie, and macro info listed in the short video descriptions:

Unlike ripe jackfruit, raw jackfruit is great for diabetes. Clinical trials conducted at Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service (SUGiRS) have found that raw jackfruit has a much lower glycemic load (increase in sugar/blood glucose level) than rice and wheat.

This will largely depends on the severity of your type 1 diabetes. However for the majority of cases, type 1 will eventually progress to the point where you would require insulin administration. The reason behind this is because type 1 diabetic has lost the function to produce insulin .The pancreas has been destroyed by autoimmune cells in the body, hence rendering it unable to secret insulin. Without insulin, the body struggles to utilise glucose as energy. As a result of that, it starts breaking down fat. The breakdown in fat generates ketones, which is highly acidic to the body. The body is unable to function in a state of academia. This is life threatening and might lead to death within hours or days if not treated promptly.

The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.

Human insulin is a type of insulin that is grown synthetically in the laboratory and mimics the working of insulin in humans. It is synthesized in laboratories by growing insulin proteins with E-coli bacteria. There are 3 types of human insulin: Short-acting: It is also known as Regular insulin. Some of the examples are Actrapid, Insuman Rapid, Humulin S, etc. · Intermediate-acting: Also known as NPH insulin and is a suspension. Examples are Insuman basal, Insulatard, Humulin I, etc. · Premixed: Examples are Insuman Comb 15, 25 and 50 and Humulin M2, M3 and M5 The benefit of human insulin is that it is not very costly. Human insulin has side-effects like weight gain, fatigue and lack of hypo awareness. Extensive research is not available regarding itsbenefits and disadvantages and hence the exact result is not clear.

No, Lantus should not be diluted or mixed with other insulin or solution. If mixed, the solution can turn cloudy. The time to peak and onset of action can also be altered in an unpredictable manner when mixed with other insulin or solution. Hypoglycemia is the most common side-effect observed with Lantus and hence precautions should be taken to inject it as prescribed.

The following sites are safe for injecting insulin during pregnancy: The top and outer area of the thigh. Absorption of insulin is slower from this site unless you exercise, The upper and outer area of the arms, The buttocks. The insulin injection location should be rotated within each site. The new location should be slightly away from each other.

Black pepper In case of diabetes type 2, I wont say black pepper “cures” the disease, it rather just helps prevent it in the first place and then later helps combat against diabetes related complications.As for how it works, black pepper inhibits key enzymes linked to the disorder and reduces fluctuations in blood sugar level. It is known to as well as known as a key antioxidant which helps diabetics overcome their condition.

Sure you can.But in limited amounts.Diabetics are prone to renal diseases.Eating high amount of animal foods can put your kidneys under unwanted pressure.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.Now suppose you eat 100gm protein/day. 50gm comes from veg. foods and 50from non veg. This will get your protein ratio to 1:1.if you want to eat non veg. Your goal should be to bring this veg:nonveg. ratio to 3:1.Animal proteins are never ever fully digested by our body and result in waste products which are to be excreted by our kidneys.

Coconut water is an energizing, sweet, and natural drink which helps your body in replenishing the lost fluids.it helps to reduce diabetic issue.

Insulin is started in people with type 2 diabetes in the following conditions: Short-term insulin therapy is required in people with type 2 diabetes who have HbA1c of 9% or above and are symptomatic. It is seen that it helps in achieving better sugar control. · Long-term insulin is required when most of the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed and hence are unable to produce insulin. · During pregnancy · During and after a major surgery · Recurrent and serious infections like pneumonia.

Improving your A1C reading requires you to maintain consistently healthy blood glucose levels over time.This requires diligence in eating a healthy diet rich in complex carbs and fiber , getting regular exercise, monitoring your blood sugar regularly, and taking any medications as prescribed.

Hypoglycemia is the condition of having too little glucose in the blood, usually below 70 mg/dl. It can result from taking too much insulin, not eating, illness or excessive exercise. Physical changes include shakiness, sweating, chills and feeling clammy, increased heart rate, dizziness, blurred vision, headache, weakness or excessive fatigue, tingling and numbness in the lips or tongue, lack of coordination, nausea and, in worst cases, seizures and unconsciousness.

Hypoglycemia is the condition of having too little glucose in the blood, usually below 70 mg/dl. It can result from taking too much insulin, not eating, illness or excessive exercise. Physical changes include shakiness, sweating, chills and feeling clammy, increased heart rate, dizziness, blurred vision, headache, weakness or excessive fatigue, tingling and numbness in the lips or tongue, lack of coordination, nausea and, in worst cases, seizures and unconsciousness.

Improving your A1C reading requires you to maintain consistently healthy blood glucose levels over time.This requires diligence in eating a healthy diet rich in complex carbs and fiber , getting regular exercise, monitoring your blood sugar regularly, and taking any medications as prescribed.

Insulin is started in people with type 2 diabetes in the following conditions: Short-term insulin therapy is required in people with type 2 diabetes who have HbA1c of 9% or above and are symptomatic. It is seen that it helps in achieving better sugar control. · Long-term insulin is required when most of the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed and hence are unable to produce insulin. · During pregnancy · During and after a major surgery · Recurrent and serious infections like pneumonia.

Coconut water is an energizing, sweet, and natural drink which helps your body in replenishing the lost fluids.it helps to reduce diabetic issue.

Sure you can.But in limited amounts.Diabetics are prone to renal diseases.Eating high amount of animal foods can put your kidneys under unwanted pressure.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.There is a thing which we call as protein ratio.Now suppose you eat 100gm protein/day. 50gm comes from veg. foods and 50from non veg. This will get your protein ratio to 1:1.if you want to eat non veg. Your goal should be to bring this veg:nonveg. ratio to 3:1.Animal proteins are never ever fully digested by our body and result in waste products which are to be excreted by our kidneys.

Black pepper In case of diabetes type 2, I wont say black pepper “cures” the disease, it rather just helps prevent it in the first place and then later helps combat against diabetes related complications.As for how it works, black pepper inhibits key enzymes linked to the disorder and reduces fluctuations in blood sugar level. It is known to as well as known as a key antioxidant which helps diabetics overcome their condition.

The following sites are safe for injecting insulin during pregnancy: The top and outer area of the thigh. Absorption of insulin is slower from this site unless you exercise, The upper and outer area of the arms, The buttocks. The insulin injection location should be rotated within each site. The new location should be slightly away from each other.

No, Lantus should not be diluted or mixed with other insulin or solution. If mixed, the solution can turn cloudy. The time to peak and onset of action can also be altered in an unpredictable manner when mixed with other insulin or solution. Hypoglycemia is the most common side-effect observed with Lantus and hence precautions should be taken to inject it as prescribed.

Human insulin is a type of insulin that is grown synthetically in the laboratory and mimics the working of insulin in humans. It is synthesized in laboratories by growing insulin proteins with E-coli bacteria. There are 3 types of human insulin: Short-acting: It is also known as Regular insulin. Some of the examples are Actrapid, Insuman Rapid, Humulin S, etc. · Intermediate-acting: Also known as NPH insulin and is a suspension. Examples are Insuman basal, Insulatard, Humulin I, etc. · Premixed: Examples are Insuman Comb 15, 25 and 50 and Humulin M2, M3 and M5 The benefit of human insulin is that it is not very costly. Human insulin has side-effects like weight gain, fatigue and lack of hypo awareness. Extensive research is not available regarding itsbenefits and disadvantages and hence the exact result is not clear.

The following can be some of the cause for an overdose of insulin: · Delaying or missing a regular meal or snack after the injection. · Injecting twice for the same meal · Faulty calculation of the carb content of a meal. · Injecting dose for a different meal · Injecting dose of wrong insulin · Having trouble seeing the gradation or numbers on an insulin pen.

This will largely depends on the severity of your type 1 diabetes. However for the majority of cases, type 1 will eventually progress to the point where you would require insulin administration. The reason behind this is because type 1 diabetic has lost the function to produce insulin .The pancreas has been destroyed by autoimmune cells in the body, hence rendering it unable to secret insulin. Without insulin, the body struggles to utilise glucose as energy. As a result of that, it starts breaking down fat. The breakdown in fat generates ketones, which is highly acidic to the body. The body is unable to function in a state of academia. This is life threatening and might lead to death within hours or days if not treated promptly.

Unlike ripe jackfruit, raw jackfruit is great for diabetes. Clinical trials conducted at Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service (SUGiRS) have found that raw jackfruit has a much lower glycemic load (increase in sugar/blood glucose level) than rice and wheat.

A diet that is consisted one ingredient whole natural foods with a lot of low GI/GL foods plus a calorie deficit to help you lose body fat is the best for type 2 diabetes. Often times type 2 diabetes are caused due to being overweight so obviously a diet that allows you to steadily drop weight will help. When you have type 2 diabetes, your insulin is not working properly so the last thing you want is to take in simple carbs to spike up your insulin. Focus on complex carbs and also a lower carb diet will definitely help in your case. Hopefully this helps and here are some tasty low calorie low carb recipes with detailed written recipe, calorie, and macro info listed in the short video descriptions:

I think NO. Once you are wedded to the disease you have to live with it. No divorce possible. You should also treat your fiancee properly and if you ignore her, you will get severe punishment ranging from foot ulcer, retinopathy, kidney failure and finally heart attack.

Diabetic foot care is very important because a small open area on the foot can become infected. Infections can lead to limb amputation, or sepsis. Diabetics can also have neuropathy that would cause numbness in the feet, so a person could injure the foot, and not know it. It is recommended tha a diabetic always wear shoes-especially outside. The diabetic patient should clean and inspect their feet daily for infection.

The most important factor is to cut your body fat percentage. Our bodies (especially men) store excess body fat around the waist which affects the functioning of the pancreas in producing insulin. Reducing your body fat (to under 15%) plays a big role in solving the problem. So this will cure you from turning to diabetic from pre-diabetic.

Yes Sure! That is precisely the stage you need to buckle up so that you don’t get full blown diabetes. You’ve abused your body enough with bad dietary practices and unhealthy lifestyle choices to reach this stage and you are lucky to have caught the progression of the condition at the prediabetes stage. You need to understand the signs, symptoms, causes and risks of prediabetes to reverse it. You need to chart out a course to reverse it and you’ll need the help of your physician and nutritionist to do that.

Yes it is , If you have pre-diabetes or even diabetes, however, new science shows us that it is reversible through an aggressive approach of lifestyle changes, nutritional support and, occasionally, medications. It is important to diagnose Type 2 diabetes early, but it is often not diagnosed until very late. In fact, all doctors should aggressively diagnose pre-diabetes decades before diabetes occurs and before any damage is done to your body.

Fruit is naturally quite high in sugars and fruit will typically have more carbohydrate than non-starchy vegetables. Some fruits are more sugary than others. For example, banana and mango, cheeku, grapes are examples of more sugary fruits whereas berries are examples of less sugary fruits. You may find therefore that you need to choose smaller portions of certain fruits depending on your blood glucose levels

It has been said that ‘Excess of anything is bad!’ Hence, my advice is not completely black or white, I recommend eating things in moderation. However, if you are overweight with poorly managed diabetes, there is a list of foods that you must have to deal with the condition and honey is not one of them. Honey is sugar, after all, which would contribute to your blood sugar levels. Hence, I would not suggest additional honey for a diabetic.

The sudden rise in insulin will cause their liver to release its stored glycogen to compensate and glycogon to stop the pancrease from releasing more insulin. If too much insulin is injected the blood glucose level will drop dangerously low causing coma and may even result in the death of the individual.

Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the glucose metabolism and increases the blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetes is considered to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune cells of the body wrongly attack the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. In absence of insulin, the body cells cannot utilize glucose and its level increases in the blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body cells. In absence of glucose the body cells start breaking down fat and muscles for energy, which are responsible for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes. Though weight loss is common with type 1 diabetes, if more than 5% of the body weight or 5 kilos is lost, your treating doctor must be consulted. Other reasons for weight loss in people with type 1 diabetes are: · Addison’s disease · Depression · Chronic diarrhea · Recurrent infection · Hyperthyroidism · Malnutrition

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that results in enlarged ovaries andsmall cysts at its edge. In a normal female, there is a balance between female hormones (estrogenand progesterone) and male hormones (testosterone), which is disrupted in PCOS. Thisimbalance of hormones can cause irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth, and obesity. While the exact cause of PCOS is not known, it is seen to be associated with insulin resistance and high levels of circulating insulin. Weight gain and insulin are the contributing factors to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Insulin resistance is a condition that is characterized by an abnormal response of the body cells to insulin, which causes the body to produce more insulin. Hyperinsulinemia (higher levels of insulin) causes the ovaries to produce more testosterone than usual, impairing normal ovulation. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is due to insulin deficiency or resistance. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is typically caused due to obesity and insulin resistance, which are causative factors for PCOS as well, and hence people suffering from PCOS are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood glucose levels. This excess glucose issecreted in the saliva as well. The bacteria thrive on glucose for energy and high levels of glucosein saliva provide an excellent environment for it to flourish. This, in turn, increases the risk of sores and thrush. It also results in a build-up of plaques on teeth that is the root cause of oral disorders.

If diabetes has progressed to an advanced stage and the person is either using insulin or taking regular medications, then proactively being aware of your sugar levels is imperative which becomes easier with regular monitoring by using a Glucometer. Further, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a nutritious diet free from any sugar content is even more essential and in fact has proven tremendously beneficial for improving the results of insulin as well as medications.

Yes. Panneer has protein, fat, vitamins and other micronutrients including dietary cholesterol. It has carbohydrates too but not the refined carbohydrates type from flour and grains. Hence it is suitable for consumption to diabetes.

dry fruits having low glycemic index could be eaten by a diabetic person. Some of the dry fruits with low glycemic index are prunes,dried apples,apricots,dried peaches and dried plums.Use of dried fruits like dates and raisins which have high glycemic index should be limited by a diabetic persons.

Definitely u can have sugar..see, it is mostly considered that taking high sugar leads to hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus..but the thing is not so simple..Basically if u donot take extra sugar even then u can develop DM due to the resistance of the body cells to insulin..type 2 DM is a problem of the body cells …So a person with normal food intake can develop DM also , even if he doesnt take sweets..but if u are diagnosed with DM then the first and foremost condition is to …CONTROL the sugar level..and not by refraining totally from sweets..instead trying to burn down the calorie.. exercise, yoga, proper sleep habits are all useful in DM..A regular and controlled life is more important.. and burning down the carbs is one of the most helpful way to deal with Type 2 DM…

Absolutely NOT..This particular condition is related to the insulin release at day time and you may please confirm that this is not happening again and if it happens, you will have to keep a track on your diets and exercise well.Prevention is always better than cure and stay away from Diabetes!! Normal blood sugar levels Fasting blood sugar level: 70-110 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level (after 2 hrs of meal): 80-140 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance) Fasting blood sugar level: 110-125 mg/dl Postprandial blood sugar level: 140-200 mg/dl Blood sugar levels in diabetics Fasting blood sugar level: 126 mg/dl or more Postprandial blood sugar level: 200 mg/dl or more

Actually a fasting blood sugar test is done when you haven’t eaten anything for at least 8 to 10 hours. And yet I am inclined to say that even after 7 hours of fasting if your blood glucose is 111 mg/dl, you need to take it as a warning sign and start making changes to your lifestyle. To be sure, I’d advise you to take a fasting blood sugar test for 3–4 consecutive test. If all the readings are above 100, it means that you are very likely prediabetic.

Yes, the diabetic patient can drink whisky but in moderation. According to American Diabetic Association, adult men with diabetes should not have more than two drinks per day and adult women should not have more than one drink per day, of alcohol.But people with medical problems such as liver disease, pancreatitis, chronic kidney disease, advanced neuropathy and those with the history of alcohol abuse should avoid drinking. Whisky should be considered in addition to regular food and no meal should be skipped as alcohol can cause hypoglycaemia because alcohol does not require insulin for metabolism.

f the patient is obese and has deranged lipid profile, then diabetics have to be careful regarding the amount and nature of fat they consume daily.Amount of fat Diabetics can take 10–15 grams of visible fat/day which means the fat one adds to the food while cooking and not the hidden fat in the food itself. This makes 2–3 tsp of fat/day.Due to deranged lipid profile or obesity, saturated fats such as ghee, butter, vanaspati and coconut oil should be used in restricted amounts.Ghee isn't bad for diabetics, if taken in restricted amounts, but it isn't beneficial in lowering the blood sugar levels too. It just adds on to the calorie consumption of the person.

There are two major risk factors to diabetes. Family history of diabetes and your weight. You can't change the first one. You can control the second one. So keep a watch on your body weight and waist size (visceral fat). A rule of thumb is to keep the ratio of waist to hip (WTH) measure below 1.0 and preferably at 0.85–0.9 (for males). On an absolute number, keep the waist size below 36″. Do whatever it takes to keep the WTH ratio at 0.9 and waist size below 35″. If your weight is increasing, assume you are insulin resistant (because of your genes). Prefer to eat low carb than low fat. If possible, avoid all types of refined carbohydrates (maida, sooji or broken wheat, rice, wheat, potato and corn), sugar, fruits and root vegetables. Fruits and grains were the root causes of my pre diabetic condition.

Yes, they can depending on how much are eaten because they contain carbohydrates, which breakdown into glucose in the body.

Buttermilk can be consumed betweeen and just after meals (for better digestion) by a diabetic.Diabetics need to enjoy food in small amounts and frequently. Buttermilk is a good mid meal snack. Also enjoy khakhras, lentils salad/bhel, fruits and vegetables in snacks.

Age above 45. Overweight or obesity. A family history of diabetes. Women who are African-American, Native-American, Native Alaskan, Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native Hawaiian are more prone to be at high risk. Previous child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds. Had gestational diabetes. Have hypertension or high blood pressure. Have hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol. Exercise less than 3 times a week. History of heart disease or stroke.

If your diabetes is out of control, then you are going to crave sugar. You body is not able to use the sugar so it just keeps craving more. You may have to talk to you doctor about temporarily putting you on a medication to control your blood glucose… BEFORE you can control your sugar cravings. If you don’t want more meds, then you will need to walk off the blood glucose to get your cravings under control. You might also try fasting until the level comes down. Once the blood glucose comes down then you should be able to stop the cravings.

Diabetes can be controlled at your own level with the help of the three pillars that are exercise, diet and medication. As it can be controlled but not cured completely. Uncontrolled diabetes will lead to the long term complication like kidney diseases, eye problems. If your diabetes is in control you can live your life as happy life. try to take medication on time and the amount of the calorie for a day. Exercise will help in controlling the blood sugar level.

Keto — ketones, acidosis — low pH/acid excess. It is a condition which arises due to the excessive amount of ketones in the blood. Ketones are an alternative for glucose, as source of energy. Commonly happens when the blood does not have enough glucose (sugar) to consume. In this case, chemicals called ketones are used by the body cells. This has a drawback, the reaction is acidic basically, resulting in a low pH, which is dangerous to the body. One example is in diabetics. When their glucose levels fall low (such people are not able to maintain their glucose levels and thus, cannot bring it back up), body starts using ketones but that leads to Diabetic Ketoacidose (DKA) — presenting as sweating, confusion, sighing breathing, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, etc.

The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the impact a certain food has on your blood sugar levels due to its own sugar content. Values of 55 and higher are considered medium and high GI. Foods at these levels should be consumed in moderation. Foods with a GI of 50 and below are considered acceptable.Although the GI numbers shouldn’t be an absolute deterrent on what you should or shouldn’t eat, it’s a useful tool to understand how food impacts blood sugar. Depending on their state of ripeness. Unripe bananas have a GI of about 42. Ripe bananas with brown specks have a GI of around 48 to 51. As a rule, the riper the fruit, the higher the GI value or sugar content. Half a banana has approximately 15 grams of sugar and should have a low impact on your blood sugar levels.

Uncontrolled diabetes causes weight loss. Once you control diabetes with drugs the patient would regain weight. Additionally drugs like Metformin, GLP1Analogues and SGLT2 inhibitors cause weight loss. While drugs like Pioglitazone, Sulphonylurea and Insulin cause weight gain.

Insulin is a medicine. If you are a Type I diabetic (juvenile diabetes)you must have insulin or your cells cannot transport glucose into themselves and you will get what is known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis which is fatal if not treated with insulin, fluids and often electrolytes. Type 2 diabetes is usually a maturity onset diabetes and they actually have too much insulin, but their body is resistant. There are many medicines to assist glucose control in Type 2 diabetes, but many Type 2 diabetics end up on insulin as a medication to get better control. Losing weight and gastric bypass actually have been known to reverse this kind of diabetes.

YES. That is the only animal based food I would recommend for diabetics. Yolk is nutrient dense, A whole egg contains about 7 grams of protein. Eggs are also an excellent source of potassium, which supports nerve and muscle health. Potassium helps balance sodium levels in the body as well, which improves your cardiovascular health. Eggs have many nutrients, such as lutein and choline. Lutein protects you against disease and choline is thought to improve brain health. Egg yolks contain biotin, which is important for healthy hair, skin, and nails, as well as insulin production. Eggs from chickens that roam on pastures are high in omega-3s, which are beneficial fats for people with diabetes.

Jaggery contains sucrose and fructose in equal portions; as you know, sucrose metabolises to glucose rapidly on ingestion and can alter blood sugar levels, not a good thing for a diabetic. Fructose does not affect blood sugar levels but the sucrose can. So unless it cannot be resisted at all, avoiding jaggery would be a good idea for a diabetic. Then again it depends on how often you eat jaggery. If it is a rare and not extravagant indulgence I am sure the body can cope with the increased glucose load that day.

The consequences of high blood sugar are really serious when sustained over a long period time. These consequences, stemming from the accumulation of excess glucose in the blood stream, clogging the fine capillaries of the eyes (causing retinopathy), the kidneys (causing nephropathy), and the extremities, leading to reduced circulation into fingers and toes, which may then necessitate amputation. In the short run, high blood glucose, over 300 mg/dL, can cause type one diabetic to feel listless and sluggish, and to need to urinate frequently.

It depends on the cause of the increased levels. You really have to look at each patient individually because of factors like length of time the patient has been a diabetic, comorbidities and liklihood of damage to the renal system, specific habits of the patient,etc... Some causes are related to behaviors ie not consuming enough fluid thereby raising levels due to concentration and reducing blood flow to the kidneys if there is renal damage, other things like lack of sleep, long-term history of HTN, extent of renal damage, etc... Like most everything in medicine, there is no "one size fits all" answer as there are several possible factors. Treatment should always be dependent on the cause and must take into account aggravating factors.

Balancing your blood glucose level is the purpose/reason for taking any diabetic medications. When you take any diabetic medicine, your body uses it to allow glucose from your blood into your cells. This timing is important because, you want it to work at or around the same time you eat. Taking diabetic medicine, after your meal could cause your blood sugar level to spike before your medicine starts working. If your blood sugar levels are too high, this increases your risk for conditions like Kidney failure, Amputations, Brain Ischemia and Stroke.

I don’t know if you mean like diet supplement drinks or like diet soda but I’m going to go with soda . I know that no soda is good for diabetics and though diet sodas have no sugar, the artificial sweetners are not good for your body and the way it metabolizes sugars, thus its especially bad for diabetics. The only soda I have seen recommended for diabetics is called Diet Rite and its got like a blue label with bubbles on it. It tastes like generic diet coke, and once you get used to it its not too bad. Its still not good for you and you should probably just drink water, but as a fellow soda fiend I understand the struggle. Just be sure to supplement your soda intake with lots of water.

As a general rule, it's exactly as safe for non-diabetic as for diabetic. What you need to watch is what's been used to replace the sugar. Possibly the manufacturer has simply stopped adding sugar to something that never needed it in the first place, but we're not usually that lucky. There are a whole range of artificial sweeteners available, with different uses, different tastes, different prices, and in some cases different interesting side effects. Cheapest and oldest is saccharin. Nasty bitter aftertaste, found in some cheap soft drinks. Next up is aspartame. This has a bit of a bad rep, though research on what harm it causes is still being argued about. Found in soft drinks, yoghurt, and quite a lot of other processed food. Sucralose is the new “common” sweetener, found in those little yellow packets of powder to go in your coffee, and in a lot more soft drinks than it used to be. Harmless as far as I know. Stevia tends to come in green packets and is said to be good because it's “natural”. So is cyanide… Found in places you'd tend to find sucralose, only with green labels and a higher price. Finally there's the sugar alcohols, with names ending in “itol”. Malitol and Xylitol are the ones I know best, and tend to see on good sugar-free chocolate. Xylitol in particular is expensive, but worth it. Warning, though - most sweets made with sweeteners come with a warning about possible laxative effects. Some people are much more sensitive than others, but I'd suggest taking that warning seriously until you know how you personally react. Jelly babies on Amazon are particularly notorious for it, but then really, if you eat an entire packet of any sort of sweets in one go, you deserve the results.

Swelling of any part of the body is known as edema and commonly affects the ankles, legs, wrist, and hand. Edema is a common association with diabetes and the commonest reason is abnormal blood circulation. Other reasons that can cause swelling of leg in people with diabetes are as follows: · Infection: High blood glucose level can damage the nerves that can result in diabetic neuropathy and altered sensation, especially of legs. This causes any injury to go unnoticed, increasing the risk of infection. The infection causes redness and swelling of the leg that is associated with fever. · Diabetic nephropathy: Hyperglycemia can also affect the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. As the kidneys are unable to filter the waste, it starts accumulating in the body along with fluid retention, resulting in edema of legs. · Oral hypoglycemic drugs: Certain medications that reduce the blood glucose levels like thiazolidinediones are known to cause leg swelling as its side effects.